BALLYA Alternariol Test is manufactured by BALLYA, it’s rapid test for detection alternariol residues in feed product, grain, edible oil, medicine and Chinese herbal medicin, especially in feed. Lateral flow assay test base on the gold immunochromatography assay technology.
Alternariol is one of the main toxins produced by the pathogenic fungus Alternaria sp., which can be detected in moldy grains, diseased plants and rotten fruits. It has strong animal toxicity and is safe for food. Bring certain hidden dangers. Polyketides are usually precursors of mycotoxins, similar to the formation mechanism of fungal fatty acids.
What are the uses of Alternariol?
It can be used as an industrial raw material, but it is a toxic substance and requires special care when using it.
What is Alternaria?
Alternaria alternata is a filamentous fungus, a pathogen and saprophytic ubiquitous in the environment. It is the main microorganism that causes rot and spoilage of agricultural products such as fruits and vegetables under low temperature environments. Alternaria, like Aspergillus, Penicillium and Fusarium, is also an important toxin-producing bacteria. Alternaria can produce a variety of metabolites, of which at least 10 metabolites are toxic to animals and plants.
What are the types of Alternaria?
According to the different chemical structure of Alternaria mycotoxin, it can be divided into 5 different types: (1) Dibenzopyrones, also known as polyketones, representative toxins include AOH, AME, and Alternaria (ALT); (2) Four amino acid derivatives: TeA and iso-TeA; (3) Perylenequinones, including Alternaria Toxin I, II and III (ATX-I, ATX-II and ATX-III) and Stalking Mycotoxin III; (4) A series of glycerin ester compounds of long-chain amino polyols, namely AAL toxins. AAL toxins are divided into 2 different types, AAL-TA and AAL-TB. AAL-TA includes two esters (C13 or C14) of 1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid and 1-amino-11,15-dimethylheptadecan-2,4,5,13,14-pentaol ). AAL-TB contains 1,2,3-propanetricarboxylic acid and 1-amino-11,15-dimethylheptadecan-2,4,13,14-furan at C13 or C14 esters. (5) Hybrid structure, such as tentoxin (TEN), a cyclic tetrapeptide. The three main Alternaria mycotoxins that have been studied more are: AOH, AME and TeA.
Harm of Alternaria
Alternaria alternata infects agricultural products in a wide range, depending on the temperature, humidity, ventilation, sunshine, and toxin-producing strains in various regions. Several species of Alternaria alternata were isolated from sorghum, corn, wheat, rapeseed, sunflower seed, mustard, apple and tomato in the United States, Australia, Pakistan, Argentina, India, Spain, and the United Kingdom, and detected Alternaria Mycotoxin.
What are the hazards of Alternariol?
From a cellular point of view, Alternariol is considered to be a compound that destroys the genome and exerts in vitro DNA strand break activity in mammalian cells.
The workplace is recommended to be separated from other workplaces. Airtight operation to prevent leakage. Strengthen ventilation. Set up automatic alarm devices and accident ventilation facilities. Set up emergency evacuation channels and necessary evacuating areas. Set up red zone warning lines, warning signs and Chinese warning instructions, and set up a communication alarm system. Provide safety shower and eyewash equipment.
Personal protective equipment:
Respiratory protection: When the concentration in the air exceeds the standard, wear a filter gas mask (half mask). During emergency rescue or evacuation, self-contained breathing apparatus should be worn. Hand protection: Wear rubber and oil resistant gloves. Eye protection: wear chemical safety eye protection. Skin and body protection: wear protective overalls.
How to control and prevent Alternariol and Alternaria?
The main measures taken at home and abroad to prevent and remove mycotoxin contamination in food are: ① Use reasonable farming, irrigation and fertilization, and timely harvest to reduce mold infection and toxin production of food raw materials; ② Take measures to reduce the water content of grain and feed, reduce storage temperature, improve storage, and add T to reduce mycotoxin pollution; ③Cultivate fungal-resistant crop varieties through resistance breeding; ④Strengthen pollution detection and inspection, strictly implement food hygiene standards, and prohibit the sale and import of food and feed that exceed mycotoxins; ⑤Remove contaminated mycotoxins by chemical and physical methods such as alkali refining method, activated white clay, attapulgite clay or aging soil and other chemical and physical methods
What specimen can be detected by BALLYA Alternariol Test?
Specimen include: all kinds of feeds, grain, edible oil, medicine and Chinese herbal medicine. Widely used in feed industry and food processing industry. You can choose the right products according to your needs.
Significance of tesing Alternariol
To protect the animal have health feed, grain, edible oil, medicine and Chinese herbal medicine and avoid contaminated food. The alternariol is harmful for animal being, can not take too much in the body.
1. Take feed specimen 2. Add the supernatant to cassette 3. Wait for 15 minutes to result 4. The details of operation, refer to the kit instruction
Limitations of BALLYA Alternariol Test?
BALLYA Alternariol Test is a qualitative test kit. It’s only for screening purpose. If have positive cases or suspected case, maybe use other detection method to make a further detection, such as, ELISA, PCR, qPCR, etc.
Alternariol is widespread in nature and poses a serious threat to people's daily food safety. Because of its structure is similar to aflatoxin, its toxicity and carcinogenicity are highly valued by countries all over the world. The BALLYA Alternariol Test provided by BALLYA can effectively detect the alternariol in the samples. Simple operation, short detection time and high accuracy are the characteristics of this product.