What is erythromycin ophthalmic ointment used for?

Posted on  January 9, 2021, Edited by Jason, Category  

What is erythromycin ophthalmic ointment?

Erythromycin ophthalmic ointment is indicated for trachoma, conjunctivitis, blepharitis and external ocular infections. This product contains 5 mg of erythromycin per gram. Excipients are: yellow petrolatum, liquid paraffin. This product is a white to yellow ointment, which is an over-the-counter ophthalmic medicine.

When using it, apply it to the eyelids, 2 to 3 times a day, the last time should be used before going to bed. Adverse reactions include occasional eye pain, visual changes, persistent redness or irritation and other allergic reactions. The pharmacological effect of erythromycin eye ointment is that erythromycin is one kind of macrolide antibiotics, and erythromycin mechanism of action is to inhibit bacterial protein synthesis, and has antibacterial effects on gram-positive bacteria and Chlamydia trachomatis.

If you drink milk at home, BALLYA can also do an erythromycin test to let you know if there are erythromycin residues in the milk you drink in 10min.


What is erythromycin ophthalmic ointment used for?

The main function of erythromycin is to treat eye diseases, such as trachoma, conjunctivitis, keratitis and external ocular infections. Secondly, it treats chapped lips, and it can also relieve symptoms of nosebleeds, treat anal fissures and neonatal hip redness. Erythromycin eye ointment is indeed a good and cheap medicine that can be kept at home.

1. Eye diseases

Everyone should be familiar with erythromycin ophthalmic ointment. In 2010, there were outbreaks of pink eye disease across the country. Pink eye disease is acute conjunctivitis. At that time, erythromycin ophthalmic ointment was a frequently used preventive treatment. Its main ingredients are petroleum jelly and erythromycin. Among them, and erythromycin has the effect of sterilizing and preventing wound infection, while petroleum jelly can form an isolation layer on the wound surface, which can promote tissue regeneration and wound healing, and prevent dressings from interacting with wound adhesions.

2. Dry and bleeding lips

The main function of erythromycin eye ointment is to treat eye diseases, such as trachoma, conjunctivitis, keratitis, and external ocular infections. The second is to treat chapped lips. Erythromycin ointment contains petroleum jelly, liquid paraffin and other lubricating substances. Apply erythromycin ophthalmic ointment to the chapped lips in the morning and before going to bed, and then they will heal after 2-3 times. It is simple, hygienic and without the greasy feeling of lipstick, and its effect is more rapid and obvious than paraffin oil.

There is an organ above the lips, and blood is often seen under the dry and cold winds in autumn and winter, that is the nose. Nasal bleeding is one of the common diseases of modern people. Unhealthy lifestyle, dry air irritation, etc. can cause nosebleeds. Vaseline in erythromycin eye ointment can keep the nasal mucosa with a certain humidity to avoid blood vessel rupture caused by evaporation of mucosal moisture and vasodilation. Applying erythromycin ophthalmic ointment to the surface of the nasal mucosal ulcer can promote the healing of the ulcer surface and prevent bacterial infection. However, it should be noted that the erythromycin ophthalmic ointment must be used after the bleeding is stopped.

3. Rhinitis

Erythromycin eye ointment can treat rhinitis. After the nasal cavity is inflamed, there will be local pain and a hot sensation. Apply an appropriate amount of erythromycin eye ointment to the area having obvious pain. After a night's rest, the rhinitis symptoms will gradually improve. If the nasal cavity is locally painful, accompanied by yellow water and scabs, it may be caused by nasal eczema. You can also add a small amount of dexamethasone to the erythromycin ointment and apply it.

4. Anal Fissure

Erythromycin ophthalmic ointment can treat anal fissure, which is one of the common diseases in anorectal department. It is mainly young people who have the disease, more women than men. Because the patient feels pain during defecation and is unwilling to defecate, it is easy to cause stool retention and dryness, forming a vicious circle. Traditional Chinese medicine ointment is usually used for external use, but its anti-inflammatory effect is very poor, and surgical treatment is expensive and easy to relapse.

Erythromycin eye ointment is cheap and convenient to use, especially its ingredients containing lactobionic acid, erythromycin, yellow petrolatum, and liquid paraffin. It not only reduces inflammation, but can also lubricate mucous membranes and skin, and effectively promote wound healing. At the same time, there is no adverse reaction. The usage is to take a bath with hot water twice a day, and then take a bath once after defecation. Apply erythromycin eye ointment on perianal area. After application, do levator movements.

5. Redness in baby skin folds

Erythromycin eye ointment can also treat redness in baby skin folds. With the improvement of living standards, many babies become obese. After babies are obese, they are prone to wrinkles on their necks. If they are not treated in time, they may develop into secondary infections and erosions. At this time, you can apply an appropriate amount of erythromycin eye ointment to the redness in baby skin folds, and it will soon heal.

6. Hip red

Another common effect of erythromycin ophthalmic ointment is to treat neonatal hip redness. Due to the large population base in China, many newborns are born every year. Newborns have delicate skin, more wrinkles, and frequent urination. If you do not wash their buttocks with water after going to the toilet, and the diaper has poor air permeability, so it will stimulate the skin of your baby's buttocks and cause hip redness. Buttock red can cause local skin damage. In the past, the use of cod liver oil ointment to coat the buttocks has only lubricating effect, but no antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. It often develops from buttock red to buttock ulceration, and even infection with bacteria to sepsis. Therefore, effective measures should be taken immediately if hip red is found.

The erythromycin in the erythromycin eye ointment is an antibiotic with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects. Vaseline and liquid paraffin have a lubricating effect, which can effectively prevent feces from irritating the delicate skin of babies. If your baby has red hips, be sure to pay attention to the cleansing of your baby's buttocks, and use erythromycin eye ointment to completely cure the red hips. At the same time, this method is simple and easy to learn. If the child at home has symptoms of red buttock, you can take care of it without having to go to the hospital. It is really a good method for new mothers to master.

7. Mosquito bites

Erythromycin ophthalmic ointment also has a certain effect on preventing infection after mosquito bites. Because the baby's skin is relatively delicate, after being bitten by a mosquito, local redness, swelling and itching may appear. At this time, if you apply some erythromycin to the area bitten by mosquitoes, the lumps will gradually disappear.

8. Onychomycosis

Erythromycin eye ointment can also be used to treat onychomycosis. Before use, wash your feet with hot water. It is best to soak for a while, then flatten your toenails. Take a suitable amount of erythromycin eye ointment and foot polish and mix it into a paste, and apply it to the area that has onychomycosis, then wrap your feet with clean gauze, once a day. After a period of continuous treatment, onychomycosis will gradually improve.

9. Beauty

Erythromycin eye ointment can also make eyelashes grow. If you suffer from conjunctivitis or wear contact lenses secondary infection, use erythromycin eye ointment often not only can control eye inflammation, but also make eyelashes longer.

The desire to look attractive is universal. In order to make themselves more beautiful and more elegant, many young women go to street stalls and small shops to pierce their ears. But if the disinfection measures are not guaranteed, they are prone to infection. Apply some erythromycin ointment to the needle in advance, so you can prevent ear hole infection.


Erythromycin ophthalmic ointment VS erythromycin ointment

Erythromycin is contained in these two drugs. And erythrocin, as a macrolide antibiotic, has an antibacterial effect on Gram-positive bacteria and Chlamydia trachomatis.

The main difference between the two drugs is that the erythromycin concentration is different. The erythromycin concentration of erythromycin ointment is 1%, while the erythromycin concentration of erythromycin ophthalmic ointment is 0.5%, and the antibacterial effect of erythromycin ointment is better than erythromycin ophthalmic ointment.

The second difference is excipients. The excipients in the erythromycin ointment are liquid paraffin and white petrolatum, while liquid paraffin and yellow petrolatum in erythromycin ophthalmic ointment. White petrolatum is yellow petrolatum that has been completely or partially bleached, which is more irritating than yellow petrolatum.

Erythromycin ointment belongs to skin preparations, while erythromycin ophthalmic ointment belongs to ophthalmic preparations.

The Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China has very different quality requirements for these two preparations. Because erythromycin eye ointment is suitable for eyes, it has higher requirements on bacteria, PH value and other aspects. Erythromycin ointment is definitely not a substitute for erythromycin ointment. Otherwise, it may cause serious eye infections.

So when you have eye discomfort, you must use the medicine with caution, and don't use it as an ointment when you need to use eye ointment. Furthermore, it should be noted that as an ophthalmic preparation, it can be used for up to 4 weeks after activation, otherwise it will cause discomfort due to excessive bacteria.


The doctor said that erythromycin eye ointment has good effects on skin infections, angular cheilitis, nosebleeds, minor wounds, mild burns, and mosquito bites.

But it should be noted that erythromycin eye ointment is not effective for fungi. Patients with bacterial infectious rhinitis can apply erythromycin ointment as prescribed by a doctor, which can play a certain anti-infection effect. However, it is not recommended to use erythromycin ophthalmic ointment for allergic and proliferative rhinitis, which is not only ineffective, but also increases the risk of side effects. Women suffering from mastitis during lactation should not use erythromycin, to prevent the drug from entering the baby's body through breast milk and affecting his normal growth and development. Occasionally adverse reactions, such as local burning sensation, dryness, itching, erythema, and occasional urticaria-like reactions may occur. If the above-mentioned adverse reactions occur, the medicine should be stopped immediately.

  1. If there is burning sensation, itching, redness and swelling at the medication site, the medication should be discontinued, and the local medication should be washed off, and consult a physician if necessary.
  2. Wash hands before use.
  3. Pregnant and lactating women should use it under the guidance of a doctor.
  4. Tighten the cap after used to avoid contamination of the medicine.
  5. People who are allergic to this product should use it with caution.
  6. It is forbidden to use this product when its properties change.
  7. Please keep this medicine out of reach of children.
  8. Children must be used under adult supervision.
  9. If you are using other drugs at the same time, please consult your physician or pharmacist before using this product.


Erythromycin ophthalmic ointment has a good effect on many minor diseases and infections, and it is cheap and easy to use. But you need to pay attention to some precautions and adverse reactions before using it.


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