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Honey Test

Erythromycin is an alkaline antibiotic extracted from the culture solution of Streptomyces erythropolis
Sulfonamide is white granular or powdery crystal, odorless and slightly bitter.
Kanamycin is a protein biosynthesis inhibitor.
Clarithromycin is a derivative of erythromycin.
Quinolone is a class of synthetic antibacterial drugs.
Chloramphenicol is white or colorless needle-like or flaky crystal.
Tetracycline is the most basic compound in the tetracycline family of antibiotics.
Tylosin is a macrolide antibiotic.
Neomycin is an antibiotic produced by Streptomyces freundii.

Bee medicine in honey

What is bee medicine?

Bee medicine

Bee medicine refers to medicines used for bee breeding and disinfection of bee utensils. In recent years, bee medicine has played a powerful role in controlling the harm of bee diseases, ensuring the healthy development of beekeeping, and improving the output and quality of bee products.

Bee medicine type

According to the control targets of bees, the existing bee medicines can be divided into 7 types initially:
1. Antiviral drugs, these drugs are mainly to inhibit the proliferation of viruses in the cells of the bee body or to destroy the nuclear synthesis and protein synthesis of the virus.
2. Antibacterial drugs, mainly sulfonamides and antibiotics, are used to prevent and control bacterial diseases and inhibit the proliferation of bacteria.
3. Antifungal drugs, used to kill or inhibit the growth and reproduction of fungal hyphae or spores.
4. Antibiotic drugs are used to control bee spores and amoebiasis.
5. The acaricides kill the bee mites by contact, fumigation and fumigation.
6. Disinfection drugs, used for disinfection of nest spleen, bee tools and bee yard.
7. For detoxification drugs, bees are poisoned by pesticides or other toxic substances. Atropine sulfate and phosphate detoxification are commonly used.

Bee medicine residues in honey

Why is there bee medicine residue in honey?

Relevant people in the bee product industry pointed out that the occurrence of veterinary drug residues in honey may not have been generated during processing, but has appeared at the source of production.
The veterinary drug chloramphenicol remains in the honey from the source of production. The reason is that during honey production, the bee colony is extremely vulnerable to disease, resulting in huge economic losses for beekeepers, and some veterinary drugs are cheap and effective, so there are The farms does not work hard in other aspects, mainly relying on the use of numerous antibiotics and veterinary drugs to prevent infections, this practice leads to the intensification of veterinary drug residues in bee products.
In the process of feeding bees, in order to prevent and treat bee diseases, antibiotics such as chloramphenicol, tetracycline, oxytetracycline, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin will be used. There will be no drug residue.
In actual production, some weak bee farms and bee colonies with poor disease resistance are easily susceptible to diseases. In this way, drugs must be used for prevention and control, and drug residues will inevitably be brought into honey.

How to avoid bee medicine residue in honey?

1. Cultivate and maintain a robust bee colony. The strong bee colony is the basis for the high yield of bee products. The strong bee colony has strong resistance and can heal itself even if it is infected with some bee diseases.
2. Use the advantages of hybridization to cultivate disease resistant bee species.
3. There is a good source of honey powder. The source of honey powder is the fundamental condition for bee reproduction and the material basis for the production of bee products. When there is a lack of honey powder source in the outside world, the bee colony should be fed with honey powder in time to ensure the essential nutrition of the bees.
4. Dialectically deal with the relationship between bees and spleen. During the bee breeding season, especially in early spring, there should be more bees than spleens.
5. When bees are placed in arid areas, they should be fed with water in time and supplemented with minerals. Water is a necessity for bee activities and survival. In arid areas, clean water should be fed in time when the bee farm arrives, so that bees form a conditioned reflex and avoid sewage collection.
6. Produce mature honey to reduce cross-infection between bee colonies. The production of mature honey not only ensures that the bee colony has enough feed, but also reduces the chance of cross-infection between the bee colonies due to the reduced number of times of shaking the honey.
7. Eliminate the old spleen and create more new spleen. The nest spleen is a breeding place for bees and a warehouse for storing honey powder. Scientific experiments prove that the nest spleen is the carrier of the disease source and the main carrier of bee products contaminated by bee medicine residues. Eliminating old spleen and creating new spleen in time can not only reduce pathogenic infection, but also eradicate bee medicine residues and contaminate bee products.
8. Scientific disinfection of beware.
9. Prevention of external pollution.
10. Prevention and treatment of bee diseases using a combination of biological control and drug control.

Can honey go bad

Natural honey can be preserved for a long time without deterioration in a sealed state in the natural environment. However, honey is highly hygroscopic and contains rich active enzymes and yeasts. If the seal is not good enough, honey is easily fermented and deteriorated.

Determine if the honey has gone bad

You can directly identify it and taste the honey in your hand. If you eat it in your mouth, it is sour, which proves that it has deteriorated. Good honey should be sweet in the mouth. After eating, you will feel sour in the mouth and throat.

Honey test

The production of branded honey has extremely strict production processes. First of all, the bee farm is produced under strict control of the national honey industry system. The bee disease prevention is completed 45 days before the collection period, and the use of drugs is eliminated during the production period.
Raw honey is collected and separated by 304 stainless steel honey shaker, and packed in food grade plastic barrels for transportation. After the raw honey arrives at the factory, it will go through four inspections:
1. Send the mixed sample of each barrel of honey to the factory inspection room for initial inspection;
2. Sample specimens are sent to the Ministry of Agriculture Bee Products Testing Center for inspection;
3. Pump the raw honey into the mixing tank and mix it thoroughly before sending it to the factory inspection room for re-inspection;
4. Submit the inspection again to the Honey Product Testing Center of the Ministry of Agriculture for re-inspection.
Only after passing four strict inspections can the process of filtration and canning be entered.

Honey tester

The honey tester has multiple detection channels, which can test multiple samples at the same time, and each sample works independently by the program control without interfering with each other.
However, because the honey tester is relatively expensive, it requires very meticulous operation and is suitable for large bee farms with high-tech talents.

Honey test kit

Some bee farm self-operated bulk honey is difficult to inspect due to its small size and low technical means. The honey test kit provided by BALLYA can solve the worries of beekeepers. The honey test kit is not only simple to operate, but also has short detection time and high accuracy. The test results comply with EU standards and is the primary choice for honey testing in small and medium-sized bee farms.

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