Pigs, cattle, sheep, chickens, etc. are common economic animals. During the feeding process, there will be various diseases and health problems, and it is often difficult to determine which diseases are involved in the treatment of diseases. BALLYA provides a variety of rapid test kit for disease, allowing veterinarians or farmers to know the type of disease, effectively symptomatic treatment, improve cure rates, and avoid economic losses.
About Animal Health
Disease of pig
Common pig diseases mainly include piglet white sturgeon, piglet yellow sturgeon, piglet red sturgeon, swine edema, swine fever, swine fever, swine pneumonia, swine infectious gastroenteritis, swine epidemic diarrhea, swine blue ear disease, swine parvovirus Disease, swine cysticercosis, swine flu, swine ascariasis, piglet white muscle disease, piglet nutritional anemia, pig nitrite poisoning, pig salt poisoning, etc.
In order to facilitate the understanding of the disease and take effective prevention and control measures, pig diseases are usually classified. There are many ways to classify them. Now, several common classification methods are introduced below.
(1) Classification according to the cause of the disease
① Infectious diseases: Infectious diseases refer to infectious diseases caused by pathogenic microorganisms invading the body and growing and reproducing in the body, such as swine fever, infectious gastroenteritis, and parvovirus.
② Parasitic disease: Parasitic disease refers to diseases caused by parasites invading the body, such as tsutsugamushi disease and cysticercosis.
③ Non-communicable diseases: Non-communicable diseases refer to internal, external and obstetric diseases caused by general pathogenic factors, such as trauma, fractures, gastroenteritis, hernia and so on.
(2) According to the classification of the disease, that is, according to the urgency of the disease process and the length of time, the disease is generally divided into:
① Acute disease: The disease progresses rapidly and the elapsed time is extremely short. From several hours to 2 to 3 weeks, the symptoms are sharp and obvious, such as swine edema and poisoning.
② Chronic disease: The progress of the disease is slow and the elapsed time is long. From 1 to 2 months to several years, the symptoms are generally not obvious, and physical strength is gradually consumed, such as tuberculosis and some parasitic diseases.
③ Subacute disease: It is a type between acute and chronic, such as rash block swine erysipelas and so on.
In clinical practice, there is no strict boundary between acute, subacute and chronic diseases. Acute disease can be transformed into subacute or chronic disease under certain conditions. Chronic diseases can also turn into acute attacks.
(3) Classification by diseased organ system According to this classification principle, diseases can be divided into pig digestive system diseases, respiratory system diseases, urogenital system diseases, nutrition metabolism and motor organ system diseases.
In addition, it can also be classified according to treatment methods, such as surgical diseases with surgery as the main treatment method, and medical diseases with drugs as the main treatment method.
Cattle disease list
Bovine epidemic fever, also known as temporary or three-day fever, is an acute, febrile, systemic infectious disease caused by the bovine epidemic fever virus. It is characterized by sudden onset of high fever, tearing, drooling, runny nose, dyspnea and limping with arch pain.
[Treatment] There is no specific therapy at present, and symptomatic treatment is mainly used. Strengthen feeding management; pay attention to the elimination of blood-sucking insects to reduce the spread of the disease; prevent vaccination against bovine fever and attenuated vaccine to control the epidemic of the disease.
Bovine viral diarrhea
Bovine viral diarrhea is an infectious disease in cattle characterized by inflammation, erosion, necrosis and diarrhea caused by viruses.
[Treatment] There is no specific therapy for this disease. Treat symptomatic treatment, strengthen nursing, and promote the rehabilitation of sick cattle.
[Prevention] Strengthen comprehensive epidemic prevention measures. It is strictly forbidden to purchase cattle from diseased areas, and imported cattle must be quarantined and quarantined to ensure that no sick animals are introduced. When this disease occurs, the sick cattle should be isolated for treatment or emergency slaughter. The cowshed and utensils should be disinfected with 10% lime milk or 1% sodium hydroxide solution. Manure and dirt accumulate and ferment. It has been reported that the immunization of newborn calves with lyophilized swine fever attenuated vaccine successfully controlled the epidemic.
Brucellosis is a zoonotic chronic infection caused by brucella. It is characterized by invasion of the reproductive system and joints. Abortion in pregnant females occurs, the fetal clothing remains intact, inflammation of the reproductive organs and fetal membranes, and males show orchitis and infertility.
[Treatment] There is no specific drug treatment for this disease. Suspicious cases can be treated with oxytetracycline, mycin, or sulfa drugs. Once confirmed to have this disease, it is best to eliminate it.
Tuberculosis is a zoonotic chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is characterized by progressive wasting; and various tissues and organs of the body form tuberculous nodules and caseous necrosis.
[Treatment] For good breeding animals, try penicillin, isoniazid, aminosalicylic acid and other drugs.
Calf paratyphoid is mainly a calf infectious disease caused by Salmonella Dublin and Salmonella typhimurium, which is mainly manifested as symptoms of sepsis and gastroenteritis.
[Treatment] Sulfamethoxazole, 20-40 mg per kg of body weight per day, divided into two oral doses. Because Salmonella often has drug-resistant strains, when one drug is not effective, another drug can be replaced.
Bovine neonatal ascariasis, or bovine ascariasis, is the laying of eggs by young adults parasited in the small intestine of calves. The eggs are excreted in the feces and develop into infectious eggs outside the body. Migrating, infected fetuses; or because of the presence of larvae in colostrum, the calves are infected by feeding. Ascaris parasites are seen only 7-10 days after the calf is born.
[Treatment] The treatment methods are: (1) Levamisole, 7.5 mg / kg body weight, 1 oral or intramuscular injection. (2) prothiobenzimidazole, 7.5 mg per kilogram of body weight, orally. (3) 30 grams of Divine Comedy, 48 grams of Gentleman, 48 grams of bitter skin, 30 grams of Guanzhong, 24 grams of betel nut. After decoction, put 24 grams of thunder, and administer them twice.
A cold is an acute febrile disease characterized by cold, fever, runny nose, and cough caused by the body's sudden cold attack. The incidence of young animals is more frequent in the early spring and late autumn when the temperature changes suddenly.
[treatment] (1) 30% analgin or compound aminopyrine, or Chaihu injection 20-40 liters, intramuscularly. (2) Penicillin 1.6-2.4 million units, intramuscular injection, 3 times a day. Or gentamicin sulfate 50-1 million units, muscle injection, 2 times a day.
Pneumonia is an inflammation of the alveoli, bronchioles, and interstitial lung. It is common in young and old cattle.
[Treatment] Combined intramuscular injection of penicillin and streptomycin 3 times a day for 3 days, penicillin adult cattle 2.4 to 4.8 million units, calves 800 to 2.4 million units; streptomycin adult cattle 1 to 2 million units, calves 500,000-1 million units. Or tetracycline, 1-2 grams, intravenously dissolved in glucose saline or 5% glucose solution, twice daily. Or use kanamycin, 0.015 grams per kilogram of body weight, intramuscularly. At the same time, oral ammonium chloride is used to expel phlegm and cough; strong heart can be treated with sodium chloride or camphor water; to prevent lung exudation, 10% calcium chloride can be injected intravenously.
Endometritis is a disease in which the endometrium is infected by pathogenic microorganisms and cannot be pregnant normally.
[Treatment] Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory; promote uterine contraction and promote the discharge of inflammatory secretions; improve the local blood circulation of the officer, promote tissue repair and uterine function recovery. -Generally, local treatment is sufficient, but acute cases with severe systemic symptoms should be combined with intramuscular injection of antibacterial drugs and other systemic symptomatic treatments.
The above are just the more common cattle diseases. The prevention of cattle diseases is inseparable from the cattle diet and the environment of the cattle farming. The nutrition of the herd must meet the nutritional requirements of the cattle feedlot, and the environment of the cattle farm must also meet the standards.
Disease of sheep
The main common diseases of sheep are medical diseases, surgical diseases, obstetric diseases, nutritional metabolic diseases and toxic diseases. Except for some nutritional metabolic diseases and toxic diseases, they are usually sporadic.
(1) Medical diseases.
In the past, gastric diseases were more common, such as foregastric flaccidity, rumen accumulation, rumen flatulence, and valvular obstruction. The main cause of the disease is due to improper feeding management, such as too simple grass and feed, long-term feeding of rough and indigestible forage, concentrated feeding of excessive and refined feed, and mildew or freezing of grass and feed, suddenly Stress factors such as changing feeding methods, as well as various reasons such as exercise and insufficient drinking water, can cause diseases.
(2) Nutritional metabolic diseases.
Mainly due to lack or excess of nutrients, insufficient content of certain vitamins and minerals in forages and feeds, resulting in imbalance of nutrients and metabolic disorders in sheep, resulting in poor development of sheep, decline in production performance and disease resistance, Even life-threatening diseases such as white muscle disease, sheep ketonuria, sheep hairy disease, rickets, and vitamin A and vitamin B deficiency appear.
(3) Obstetric diseases.
It mainly includes diseases during pregnancy and childbirth and postpartum. Such as miscarriage, dystocia, paralysis of production, etc., the fetus cannot produce smoothly or postpartum dysfunction caused mainly by maternal or fetal abnormalities.
(4) Toxic diseases.
Mainly due to ingestion of toxic forage, moldy forage feed, feed and drinking water contaminated by Clostridium botulinum; sorghum, corn seedlings containing cyanoside, salt, pesticides, pesticides, rodenticides, heavy metals and Poisoning caused by overdose during treatment. Such as hydrocyanic acid poisoning, organic phosphorus poisoning, copper poisoning and so on.
(1) Infectious diseases: Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic bacteria, viruses, parasites, molds, fungi, etc. and have obvious infectious diseases. It often causes numerous chickens to get sick and die, causing severe economic losses.
Common bacterial diseases are: chicken white pheasant, chicken Escherichia coli disease, chicken pasteurosis, infectious rhinitis, staphylococcal disease and so on.
Common viral diseases are: Newcastle disease, Marek's disease, infectious bursal disease, infectious bronchitis, and infectious laryngotracheitis.
Common parasitic diseases include chicken coccidiosis, trichomoniasis, and nematode disease.
Diseases caused by mycoplasma include: chronic respiratory disease, viral arthritis, and the like.
Diseases caused by fungi include aspergillosis and crown moss.
(2) Non-communicable diseases: Non-communicable diseases are often individual or part of group diseases. They are generally not contagious, and most of the causes are caused by inadequate feeding management.
Toxic diseases: pesticide poisoning, sulfa drug poisoning, furan drug poisoning, mold poisoning, salt poisoning, etc.
Nutritional metabolic diseases: rickets or osteomalacia, vitamin deficiency, ascites syndrome, sudden death syndrome, etc.
Common duck diseases include infectious diseases, parasitic diseases, nutritional metabolic diseases, toxic diseases and other miscellaneous diseases.
(1) Infectious diseases are divided into viral diseases and bacterial diseases. Avian influenza, duckling hepatitis, duck fever, etc. are viral diseases and are highly contagious and infectious diseases. Escherichia coli and Pasteurella anatipestifer (serositis) are bacterial infectious diseases.
(2) Parasitic diseases are divided into internal parasitic diseases and ectoparasitic diseases. Coccidiosis, echinococcus, nematode, and roundworm disease are endoparasitic diseases. The ectoparasite diseases are mainly lice, mites, ticks and so on.
(3) Nutritional metabolic diseases The nutritional metabolic diseases that often occur in duck production are mainly nutritional deficiencies, such as vitamin A, vitamin E, calcium, and phosphorus deficiency. Nutritional poisoning rarely occurs, but attention should be paid to salt poisoning.
(4) Toxic diseases that often occur on duck farms include organophosphate poisoning, mold poisoning, drug poisoning, and endogenous toxin poisoning in feeds. Other miscellaneous diseases include ascites and feather pecking in meat ducks, etc.
(1) Gosling Plague Caused by gosling virus. Goose from 1 to 60 days of age are susceptible to disease, but the peak period of disease is less than 20 days of age, with a lethal rate of more than 90%. The symptoms are that the sick goose is alone, the neck is loose, and the eyes are lethargic. The severe person does not eat, and discharges yellow-green stools. There is a dirty secretion around the nostrils. The characteristic gastrointestinal lesions can be seen on the autopsy. There is a yellow-white band-shaped pseudomembrane in the intestinal cavity, which blocks the intestinal cavity.
(2) Goose nick nematode disease Caused by G. goose Mainly endanger goslings, diseased gooses will lose food and drink, and even become obsolete, lethargic, stunted, diarrhea, weight loss, exhaustion and death.
(3) Goose colibacillosis Escherichia coli disease, commonly known as "egg blast", is caused by a specific serotype of E. coli. It mainly occurs in adult geese, but in recent years it has also occurred in breeding geese. The lesions of the female goose are mainly peritonitis, ovarian inflammation, and salpingitis. The course of disease is usually 2 to 6 days. A few sick gooses can recover, but they cannot recover eggs. Male geese mainly have red swelling and ulcers in the mating device. Covered with a yellow viscous liquid with necrotic skin.
(4) Goose coccidiosis Caused by goose coccidia. It is more common in goslings, and the peak period is May to August every year. The sick goose's appetite is diminished, the spirit is distressed, and the neck is shaken. The stool is red and sticky and bright red later.
(5) Thrush Caused by Candida albicans. Sick geese grow poorly, lose their spirits, and have loose feathers. The sac mucosa is thick, grayish-white, and has round ulcers.
(6) Nematode disease Caused by tapeworm parasites in the small intestine. It usually occurs in geese aged 15 to 90 days. Sick geese reduce their thirst, indigestion, pull green or grayish white dung, suddenly lie down, walk swaying, have difficulty standing, stretch their neck and open their mouth, and die of paralysis.
During the feeding of economic animals, various diseases and health problems will occur. Once this happens, farmers will face huge economic losses. The best way to deal with economic animal disease is through prevention and detection. Ballya has independently developed a rapid test kit for a variety of animal diseases, which allows veterinarians and farmers to understand the physical conditions of animals in a timely manner and deal with them accordingly.