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Test For Animal Healthcare

cattle-bvdv-disease

Cattle BVDV Rapid Test

cow disease
BVDV belongs to Flaviviridae and Pestivirus.
cattle-fmd-disease

Cattle FMD Rapid Test

cow disease
Foot-and-mouth disease of cattle is an acute.
cattle-brucellosis-disease

Cattle Brucellosis Rapid Test

cow disease
Brucellosis is a chronic infectious disease.

About Animal Healthcare

Some common cattle diseases

Bovine viral diarrhea

Bovine viral diarrhea (mucosal disease) is an infectious disease caused by Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (short for BVDV belonging to the genus Flaviviridae virus), cattle of all ages are susceptible to infection, and young cattle are susceptible highest.

Foot-and-mouth disease

Foot-and-mouth disease of cattle is an acute, febrile and contact infectious disease caused by artiodactyls caused by foot-and-mouth disease virus. It is clinically characterized by blisters in the oral mucosa, breasts and hooves.

Brucellosis

Brucella can cause brucellosis, referred to as brucellosis, which is a chronic infectious disease that affects both animals and animals and is more harmful. In China, the main source of the disease is cattle, sheep, and pigs. Of these, Brucella sheep is the strongest in transmission to humans, with the highest pathogenicity and the most serious harm. Brucellosis mainly damages the reproductive system and joints of humans and animals, and has great harm to the development of animal husbandry and human health.

About Bovine viral diarrhea

Disease pathogen

BVD virus belongs to Flaviviridae and Pestivirus. It is a single-stranded RNA, enveloped virus. The fresh diseased material was negatively stained by ultra-thin sectioning, and observed under an electron microscope that the virus particles were spherical and had a diameter of about 24-30 nm.
The virus is sensitive to organic solvents such as ether and chloroform, and can be inactivated. The virus suspension is significantly weakened after pancreatin treatment (0.5 mg / ml, 60 minutes at 37 °C), and the virus is relatively weak at pH 5.7-9.3. Stable, beyond this range, the viral infectivity decreases rapidly.

Spread of disease

The source of infection is mainly sick animals. Diseased cattle's secretions, excreta, blood and spleen all contain the virus and are transmitted by direct or indirect contact.
Irregular rotten spots and ulcers appear mainly in the digestive tract and lymph tissues, the oral cavity (oral mucosa, gums, tongue and hard palate), pharynx, and nasal mirror. The esophageal mucosa is the most characteristic of rotten spots. There are bleeding spots and ulcers in the mouth, esophagus, true stomach and trachea of aborted fetuses. Dysfunctional calves can severely see cerebellar hypoplasia and hydrocephalus on both sides of the ventricle.

Harm of Bovine viral diarrhea

The main symptoms of the disease are fever, diarrhea, cough, and mucosal ulcers, which often cause cows' milk production to decrease, beef cattle's meat production rate to decrease, but also cause pregnancy cows to have abortions and give birth to stillbirths and malformations A disease that can cause serious harm to the cattle industry.

About Foot-and-mouth disease

Disease pathogen

Foot-and-mouth disease virus is particularly sensitive to acids and bases. At pH 3, the infectivity is instantly lost, and 90% is inactivated within one second at pH 5.5; 1% to 2% sodium hydroxide or 4% sodium bicarbonate solution can kill the virus within 1 minute. The virus can survive for several years at -70 ~ -50 ℃, and it can kill the virus for 1 minute at 85 ℃. Milk pasteurized (72 °C for 15 minutes) can make the virus infectious. Under natural conditions, the virus can survive on cow hair for 24 days and survive on bran for 104 days. Ultraviolet rays can kill the virus, and ether, acetone, chloroform and protease have no effect on the virus.

Spread of disease

The virus can spread through contact, drinking water and air. Birds, rodents, cats, dogs and insects can all spread the disease. Various contaminated items such as work clothes, shoes, feeding tools, transport vehicles, forage, fodder, and water can all spread the virus and cause illness.
The disease has epidemiological characteristics such as rapid epidemic, wide spread, acute onset, and great harm. Calves have a higher mortality rate and others have lower rates. Sick and latent animals are the most dangerous sources of infection.

Harm of Foot-and-mouth disease

Typical symptoms are blisters and ulcers in the mouth, breasts and hooves. Numerous sick animals drool, eat less or refuse to eat; hoof pain causes lameness or even fall of the hoof shell. The disease generally has a low mortality rate in adult cattle, ranging from 1% to 3%, but in calves, mortality is high due to myocarditis and hemorrhagic enteritis.

About Brucellosis

Disease pathogen

Brucella is a Gram-negative, non-moving bacterium, without capsules (smooth type with microcapsules), positive for enzymes and oxidases, absolutely aerobic bacteria, can reduce nitrate, intracellular Parasitic, can survive in many types of livestock

Spread of disease

The source of human brucellosis is mainly livestock (sheep, cattle, pigs, deer, cats, dogs) suffering from brucellosis. In farming and pastoral areas, the most harmful to humans is sheep with brucellosis. Humans pass through the skin and mucous membranes, the digestive tract of the body through contact with abortions, secretions, excreta (feces, urine), milk, meat, internal organs, fur, and contaminated water, soil, food, air, and dust from sick animals. Respiratory infection of brucella.

Harm of Brucellosis

The consequences of Brucella infections vary widely and may include arthritis, spondylitis, thrombocytopenia, meningitis, uveitis, optic neuritis, endocarditis and various neurological diseases.

Summary

Cattle disease poses a huge threat to dairy production and beef cattle growth. The timely treatment and effective prevention of cattle diseases are important means to deal with cattle diseases. 
Ballya offers quick test kits for many common cattle diseases. The test results comply with EU standards, but the operation is simple, and the time is short and the accuracy is high. It can be processed in time before the onset of cattle to minimize economic losses. Ballya will also continue to study more rapid detection reagents for cattle diseases.
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