The most common ruminant diseases are cow diseases, sheep diseases and goat diseases.
of cattle and sheep is a chronic infectious disease caused by brucella. It is characterized by inflammation, necrosis, and granuloma formation of the reproductive organs, fetal membranes, and various organs and tissues, causing symptoms such as miscarriage, infertility, testes, and arthritis. Many animals have different degrees of susceptibility to this disease, and natural infections are common in sheep, cattle and pigs.
Bovine foot-and-mouth disease
is an acute, hot, and contagious infectious disease caused by foot-and-mouth disease virus in cloven-hoofed animals. Its clinical features are blisters on the oral mucosa, breast and hoof.
The ruminant chlamydia
(Chlamydia pecorum, C. pecorum) is a member of the genus Chlamydia. Its host is very wide, and the most commonly infected livestock are cattle, sheep and pigs. Many wild animals are the natural host of the fungus. Diseased animals and carrier animals are the main source of infection. They can excrete pathogens through feces and other secretions, pollute water sources, feed and the environment, and enter the body through the digestive tract of susceptible animals.