What is BALLYA Chlamydia Test?
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is manufactured by BALLYA, it’s rapid test for detection Chlamydia residues in pigs, various ruminants, household pets, especially the pig. Lateral flow assay test base on the gold immunochromatography
What is Chlamydia?
is a Gram-negative pathogen. It is a prokaryotic microorganism that can pass through a bacterial filter. It is parasitic in cells and has a unique development cycle. Chlamydia is an organism that is smaller than bacteria but larger than viruses. It is a specific intracellular parasite, similar to bacteria and viruses. It has a two-stage lifebuoy. It does not have the ability to synthesize high-energy compounds ATP and GTP, and must be provided by the host cell, so it becomes an energy parasite, which is mainly spherical, stacked, with cell walls and cell membranes, and belongs to prokaryotes, usually parasitic in animal cells. There are four types of chlamydia, Chlamydia trachomatis, Chlamydia pneumonia, Chlamydia psittaci, and Chlamydia suis.
What are the types of chlamydia?
Chlamydia trachomatis is a microorganism. It currently has 15 serotypes. Different serotypes cause different diseases. Divided into 3 biotypes, namely mouse biotype, trachoma biotype and STD lymphogranuloma biotype. The latter two are related to human diseases. There are two forms of Chlamydia trachomatis: one is extracellular spore-like highly infectious cells called protozoa; the other is protozoa. A unit copied within this unit is called an initiator. The initial object is large and irregular. Its shell is hard and has no rigid cell walls. Both the original object and the original object contain DNA and RNA.
Chlamydia pneumoniae is a kind of chlamydia. Intracellular bacteria are the main cause of pneumonia. Human Chlamydia pneumoniae infection is a worldwide epidemic, regardless of region, regardless of race and age. Human Chlamydia pneumoniae infections can occur all year round and do not show seasonal characteristics. The epidemic can be sporadic or explosive, especially in public places where the space is relatively closed, the crowd is crowded, and the air is not well-circulated.
Chlamydia psittaci is a deadly intracellular bacterium that can cause a specific species of chlamydia avian disease that is prevalent in mammals and patients with respiratory parrot fever. Potential hosts include wild birds and domesticated poultry, as well as cattle, pigs, sheep, and horses. Chlamydia psittaci is transmitted by inhalation, contact, or ingestion between birds and mammals.
Chlamydia suis is a member of the genus Chlamydia. Chlamydia suis is isolated from pigs and may be endemic in pigs. Glycogen has been detected in Chlamydia suis inclusions in infected pig tissues and cell cultures. Chlamydia suis is associated with porcine conjunctivitis, enteritis and pneumonia.
What are the symptoms of chlamydia?
The incubation period of the disease varies, ranging from a few days to as long as several weeks or even months.
Infections in pregnant sows cause premature delivery, stillbirth, miscarriage, inadequate placenta, infertility, and birth of weak or mummy fetuses. The incidence of primiparous sows is high, generally reaching 40% to 90%. Premature births occur in the first few weeks (100-104 days of gestation), and sows in the second trimester (50-80 days) can also have abortions. Sows usually have no symptoms before abortion, their body temperature is normal, and some show elevated body temperature (39.5 ~ 41.5 ℃). The piglets born partially or completely died, most of the live piglets were fragile, the birth weight was small, and the arch milk was weak. Most of them died within a few hours to one or two days after birth, and the mortality rate was sometimes as high as 70%. Boar reproductive system infections can occur with orchitis, epididymitis, urethritis and other reproductive tract diseases, sometimes with chronic pneumonia.
A preliminary diagnosis can be made based on the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and pathological changes of the disease, but laboratory diagnosis is required to confirm the diagnosis.
The disease should be related to some diseases that cause reproductive disorders such as swine fever, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome, Japanese encephalitis, porcine parvovirus infection, swine pseudorabies, swine flu, brucellosis, leptospirosis , Toxoplasmosis, Eperythrozoonosis, and other pathogens and mycotoxin-induced abortion and reproductive disorders should be distinguished from other non-infectious reproductive disorders due to poor feeding management and nutritional deficiencies.
When arthritis occurs, it should be distinguished from infections such as Rhizoctonia suis, Streptococcus suis, and Haemophilus parasuis.
Can chlamydia be cured?
Yes, It can. Chlamydia is the normal flora of the human body. Most of them parasitize the human body's mouth, biliary tract, urethra, reproductive system and anus. Under normal circumstances, as long as human immunity is present, chlamydia infection is usually not caused in patients, but if the patient's immunity is low or the number of flora is increased, a corresponding infection may occur. For chlamydia infections, patients are advised to take broad-spectrum antibiotics such as roxithromycin, azithromycin or levofloxacin. If the patient has a Chlamydia pneumoniae infection, it is recommended to provide the patient with appropriate sensitive broad-spectrum antibiotics based on sputum culture and drug sensitivity tests. After 10-15 days of general treatment, the drug can be discontinued after the chlamydia is negative or the symptoms disappear. During treatment, patients should pay more attention to rest and drink plenty of water.
Tetracycline and azithromycin are preferably used for the treatment of chlamydia. In addition, doxycycline, minocycline, erythromycin, rifampicin, and clarithromycin are also available. Fluoroquinolones such as levofloxacin and moxifloxacin are also effective. Beta-lactams, aminoglycoside antibiotics, vancomycin and spectinomycin are not effective. An effective treatment process takes 7 to 21 days. Glucocorticoids can be used in severe cases of parrot fever. At the same time with infusion, oxygen and other general treatment methods.
Improving health conditions and disseminating health knowledge are important to prevent trachoma. Pay attention to personal hygiene and do not share bathing utensils such as towels and bathroom sink. Family members are treated collectively at the same time. Screening and thorough treatment of C. trachomatis infection in pregnant women can greatly reduce the chance of neonatal infection. Prevent urogenital infections and sexually transmitted infections. Preventive drugs for high-risk groups. To prevent parrot fever, attention should be paid to strengthening customs quarantine of imported animals. Smuggling of sick and infected birds is strictly prohibited. Carry out health promotion activities, especially those who come into contact with poultry regularly due to professional relationships to prevent occupational infections. When an epidemic occurs, the root cause of the epidemic should be identified as early as possible, and sick birds should be executed and destroyed. The sale of chlamydia-infected parrots and other birdwatchers is prohibited. Patients should be hospitalized for isolation and treatment, and medical observation should be made of other people with a history of exposure to sick birds. Pregnant women should avoid contact with sick birds to avoid infection and cause abortion syndrome. Chlamydia is sensitive to conventional disinfectants.
Which animals can be detected by the BALLYA Chlamydia Test?
Pigs, various ruminants, household pets, etc. can use the BALLYA Chlamydia Test for chlamydia detection. In the future, BALLYA will conduct more studies on chlamydia in different types of animals.
The BALLYA Chlamydia Test has two detection targets for Chlamydia detection: Chlamydia antigen and Chlamydia antibody. You can choose according to your needs.
Significance of testing Chlamydia
In order to ensure the safety of consumers, reduce the economic loss of the owner of the breeding plant, prevent the sick pigs from entering the market, and treat the sick pigs in time, the Chlamydia Test can play a key role. Ensure the safety of farm owners and consumers, reduce unnecessary losses.
Component of BALLYA Chlamydia Test?
BALLYA Chlamydia Test
, 20 cassettes
Swab, 20 pcs
PE Groves, 1 packet
Sample Buffer, 20 vialMini Pipette
Disposable micropipette tips (optional)
Kit Instruction, 1pcs
How to use BALLYA Chlamydia Test?
1. Used the swab to dip the normal saline and collect the sample from infection sites.
2. Then insert the swab to the buffer solution test tube immediately. Spin the swab until the reagent mix with the sample (not less than 10 times). Squeeze the swab on the inner tube wall to squeeze out the liquid.
3. Cover the lid and oscillate strongly for more than 30s, stand for precipitation about 5mins and absorb the supernatant as the sample.
4. Put the test card on the flat table, add 5 drops in the sample well carefully.
5. Read the result within 10-15 minutes. The result after 15 minutes is invalid.
Limitations of BALLYA Chlamydia Test?
BALLYA Chlamydia Test is a qualitative test kit. It’s only for screening purpose. If have positive cases or suspected case, maybe use other detection method to make a further detection, such as, ELISA, PCR, qPCR, etc.
From recessive to severe infections, the clinical characteristics of animals infected with chlamydia are different. Among them, reproductive tract infections in cattle and pigs are usually manifested as hidden processes. Asymptomatic chlamydia infection usually leads to chronic syndromes such as pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility. The cattle and pig industry caused huge economic losses.
Not only that, but household pets may also be infected with chlamydial disease and thus be threatened by their health. Therefore, the detection of chlamydial disease for animals is essential.BALLYA Chlamydia Test
provided by BALLYA
can effectively detect whether Pigs, various ruminants and household pets have chlamydia infection. The kit is not only simple to operate, but also has short detection time and high accuracy, so that the veterinarian can understand the animal's physical condition and take appropriate treatment measures in time.