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BALLYA Coronavirus Test

Ballya-antibiotic-testBALLYA Coronavirus Test

What is BALLYA Coronavirus Test?

BALLYA Coronavirus Test is manufactured by BALLYA, it’s rapid test for detection Coronavirus disease in ruminant and pets. Lateral flow assay test base on the gold immunochromatography assay technology.
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What is Canine coronavirus?

Canine coronavirus symptoms

Canine coronavirus can infect dogs of all ages and all ages (severely injured by puppies), causing dogs to develop gastrointestinal symptoms of various severity, and often vomiting, diarrhea, depression, anorexia, clinical symptoms disappear, but Relapse can still occur within 14 to 21 days. It is currently the main infectious disease endangering the dog industry. The route of infection is the digestive tract, which is mainly caused by exposure to feces and pollutants discharged from sick dogs. The virus can survive 6-9 days in feces, while pollutants can remain contagious in water for several days.

Canine coronavirus Transmission

The virus is transmitted to healthy dogs and other susceptible animals through direct and indirect contact through the respiratory and digestive tracts. The disease can occur all year round, but occurs more frequently in winter. Sudden changes in climate, poor sanitary conditions, large dog populations, weaning shifts and long-distance transportation can induce the disease.

Canine coronavirus incubation period

Canine coronavirus disease has an incubation period of 1 to 3 days, but spreads rapidly and can spread to the entire group within a few days. The general course of disease is 7 to 10 days. Some sick dogs, especially puppies, die within 1 to 2 days after onset. Adult dogs rarely die.

Canine coronavirus bloody diarrhea

Canine Coronavirus (CCV) is a multiple, acute, high-contact infectious disease caused by canine coronavirus, with gastrointestinal inflammation as the main symptoms. . The disease has rapid onset, rapid infection, and short duration. It is often mixed with canine parvovirus or rotavirus to exacerbate the disease. It often causes dehydration and rapid death due to acute diarrhea and vomiting. It is severely harmful to puppies, with high morbidity and mortality. It is one of the diseases that are more harmful to the dog industry.

How to treat Canine coronavirus?

Use symptomatic therapy, such as antiemetic, antidiarrheal, fluid replacement, antibiotics to prevent secondary infection, fast food and water, Coronavirus is a gastrointestinal disease, you must fast food and water, if there is food and water in the stomach, the bacteria will always be there and dilute more Frequently, I took it to the "regular veterinary station" to infuse anti-inflammatory and nutrient solutions, and then sera, and generally recovered in a seven-day course of treatment, with a 95% chance of a coronary cure.

Canine coronavirus prevention

The prevention of this disease mainly uses attenuated vaccines in China, and inactivated vaccines are used abroad, but in addition to the effect, the diseased dogs may relapse after recovery, which also makes it difficult to prevent the disease. Strengthen breeding management and strictly implement veterinary hygiene measures.

Canine coronavirus vaccine

According to the World Association of Small Animal Veterinarians Immunization Guide and the American Animal Hospital Association's classification of vaccines, canine coronavirus vaccines are not recommended vaccines.
The main reason is:
1.The body is exposed to coronavirus / viral antigens and produces antibodies, which are mediated by IgA, which is simply present in body fluids and mucous membranes, rather than mediated by serum antibodies that are immunogenic for parenteral routes. Vaccination by route does not prevent the infection of the coronavirus, but only reduces the replication of the virus in the intestine.
2. Coronavirus strains developed by vaccine manufacturers are very stable strains, which may be one strain isolated decades ago, but coronaviruses in the wild, this kind of virus that likes mutation very much, every- Virus recombination, atypical pneumonia, SARS, and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome occur every minute-second. These previously unheard of diseases are actually caused by coronavirus mutations.

Canine coronavirus vaccine side effects

Side effects are most likely to occur in puppies. Sometimes the owner vaccinates the dog for the second or third vaccination, and it is not clear whether side effects have occurred. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a pet hospital. If you are sensitive, you can inject histamine which inhibits allergies before vaccinating.

What is Feline coronavirus?

Feline coronavirus is a common viral infection in cats. It usually causes asymptomatic infection, but causes mild diarrhea.
It comes in two different forms; feline enteric coronavirus that infects the intestine and feline infectious peritonitis virus that causes feline infectious peritonitis (FIP).

Feline Coronavirus Transmission

Feline coronavirus is usually excreted from feces by healthy cats and transmitted to other cats via the fecal-oral route. In an environment with multiple cats, the transmission rate is much higher than in a single cat environment.

Feline enteric coronavirus

Feline intestinal coronavirus disease is a gut-borne disease in cats caused by intestinal coronavirus. It belongs to the coronaviridae family. Coronaviruses may be dehydrated and have a lower mortality rate. It mainly causes enteritis in young cats.

Feline enteric coronavirus symptoms

This disease often causes weaned cats. The cat's body temperature increased and appetite decreased. Vomiting occurred, bowel movements accelerated, moderate diarrhea, and anal swelling occurred. In more severe cases, symptoms of dehydration can be seen. Mortality is generally low.

Feline enteric coronavirus prevention

In general, no treatment is needed, and fluid rehydration is needed if dehydration is severe.
Because the disease may be widely distributed in cats, many asymptomatic cats may become infected. Therefore, prevention is more difficult.
In general, cat house hygiene management should be strengthened. Cats of all ages are separated and raised. Weaned cats quickly lose the protective effect of maternal antibodies and need to strengthen their care to reduce the incidence.

Feline infectious peritonitis virus

Feline infectious peritonitis is derived from feline coronavirus mutations. Unmutated coronaviruses are contagious and easily infectious. The mutant virus that causes the disease is theoretically infectious, but basically has no transmission route and is not easily transmitted.
Cats carry the coronavirus throughout their lives and may develop disease when their constitution is generally reduced. Coronavirus is generally considered to be easily transmitted. Coronavirus-bearing cats will be detoxified by feces and infected with cohabiting cats through oral and nasal infections; a few can be transmitted through mechanical means such as clothes, dishes, bedding, humans or insects. Coronaviruses develop into cats when they mutate, leave the intestine, invade other organs, and inflame them.

Feline infectious peritonitis virus symptoms

The course may be sudden (more common in kittens) or slow and last several weeks. The initial symptoms are not obvious, and there may be loss of appetite, poor spirit, weight loss, and continuous fever (39.5 to 40.6 degrees: higher at dusk, which will slowly decrease after nightfall). Later symptoms will be clearly divided into two types of wet and dry.

Wet type
Cats have died more than two months after onset. Thoracic and abdominal cavity with high protein exudate. It varies from asymptomatic to asthma or dyspnea depending on the amount of pleural fluid. With progressive painless abdominal swelling, male cats may become scrotal. Vomiting or chin may occur. Moderate to severe anemia. In clinical examination, you will find that the muscles on both sides of the spine are progressively weakened and thin, and the abdomen is progressively enlarged.

Dry type
The dry type is mainly caused by pustulomatous lesions in the organs. Cats will show progressive weight loss, cloudy eyes, pus in the anterior chamber, shrinking pupils, and visual impairment. A few are accompanied by multiple progressive neurological symptoms, including symptoms of hindquarter paralysis, spasms, nystagmus, and personality changes. Nodules appear in the liver, kidney, spleen, lungs, omentum, and lymph nodes; mesentery lymph nodes can be felt on palpation. Anemia, jaundice.
Feline infectious peritonitis virus prevention
(1) Reduce the chance of fecal infection of the coronavirus in the environment
(2) Proper living environment and care
(3) regular feline coronavirus serological antibody testing
(4) The breeding grou

How to treat Feline coronavirus?

For Feline enteric coronavirus

In general, no treatment is needed, and fluid rehydration is needed if dehydration is severe.
Because the disease may be widely distributed in cats, many asymptomatic cats may become infected. Therefore, prevention is more difficult.

For feline infectious peritonitis virus

Both dry and wet type can cause intermittent fever and decreased appetite. FIP is the most common disease that causes cat death in recent years. Once it occurs, the mortality rate is almost 100%, and FIP has practical difficulties in diagnosis. It is generally believed that only a histopathological examination can be 100% confirmed.
Inhibition of immune and anti-inflammatory effects: high-dose steroids, cytotoxic drugs.
Preventing secondary bacterial infections: broad-spectrum antibiotics antiviral drugs
Supportive therapies: Mandatory eating (in the esophagus or gastric tube), infusions to correct dehydration, and thoracentesis to relieve respiratory symptoms.

Feline coronavirus prevention

It is also important to manage the living environment and regularly perform serum antibody tests. Cats of all ages are separated and raised. Weaned cats quickly lose the protective effect of maternal antibodies and need to strengthen their care to reduce the incidence.

Feline coronavirus vaccine

Feline coronavirus vaccine at the appropriate age can effectively reduce the incidence of feline coronavirus.

Which animals can be detected by the BALLYA Coronavirus test?

The BALLYA Rabies Test can be applied to all kinds of pets, such as dog and cat. The characteristics of this product are short detection time, simple operation and low price.
You can choose according to your needs.

Significance of testing Coronavirus

Detecting whether a pet has rabies is the most basic health guarantee for pets, and it is also the responsibility of pet owners. Only when pets can grow up healthily can they be better equipped with single owners.
The BALLYA Coronavirus test can effectively detect whether a pet is suffering from coronavirus, allowing the owner and veterinarian to understand the specific situation of the pet in the first time and make corresponding treatments, which can reduce the damage to the pet by the disease in time.

Component of BALLYA Coronavirus Test?

BALLYA Coronavirus Test, 20 cassettes
Swab, 20 pcs
PE Groves, 1 packet
Sample Buffer, 20 vials
Mini Pipette (optional)
Disposable micropipette tips (optional)
Kit Instruction, 1pcs
Coronavirus Test

How to use BALLYA Coronavirus Test?

1. Collect a freshly excreted stool sample with a cotton swab, or take a sample directly from the rectum. If screening for rotavirus in animals without diarrhea, use rectal sampling. Dry samples are not recommended; it often results in false positives due to excessive dry sample collection.
2. Insert the swab to the test tube immediately. Spin the swab until the reagent mix with the sample (not less than 10 times). Squeeze the swab on the inner tube wall to squeeze out the liquid.
3. Stand for 1-2mins to dissolve the big particle.
4. Put the test card on the flat table, absorb the supernatant and add 5 drops into the sample well carefully.
5. The liquid will flow the screening hole, if not, please softly squeeze the area between sample well and screening hole.
6. Stand for 10-15mins at room temperature and read the result. The result after 15 minutes is invalid.

Limitations of BALLYA Coronavirus Test?

BALLYA Coronavirus Test is a qualitative test kit. It’s only for screening purpose. If have positive cases or suspected case, maybe use other detection method to make a further detection, such as, ELISA, PCR, qPCR, etc.

Conclusion

This infectious disease has a very fast transmission speed and is also very contagious. No matter what age the pets is, no matter what breed the pets is, it may be infected with the disease. This disease has become the current One of the infectious diseases that endanger the pet's health.
BALLYA Coronavirus Test provided by BALLYA can effectively detect whether a dog has canine coronavirus disease or whether it carries canine coronavirus disease. The kit is easy to operate, and has a short detection time and high accuracy.

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