Vitamin B1, also known as thiamine or antineuritis, is the first vitamin to be discovered. It is synthesized by fungi, microorganisms and plants. Animals and humans can only obtain it from food.
Vitamin B1 is mainly found in the outer skin and germ of seeds, such as rice bran and bran, and it is also abundant in yeast. Thiamine is formed by the combination of pyrimidine ring and thiazole ring, and participates in sugar metabolism in the body.
The physiological function of vitamin B1
As coenzymes of two key catalytic enzymes in glycolysis, thiamine plays an important role in glucose metabolism.
Thiamine plays an important role in maintaining the balance of oxidative metabolism in the brain, such as the level of lipid peroxidation products and the activity of glutathione reductase.
Vitamin B1 derivatives can participate in important physiological processes of the body such as gene expression regulation, cellular stress response, signal transduction pathways, and nervous system signal transduction, and these effects of vitamin B1 derivatives are not dependent on the role of its coenzyme.
Vitamin B1 is a cofactor of the key enzyme of glucose metabolism and plays an important role in maintaining the balance of oxidative metabolism in the brain. Vitamin B1 is an important biologically active substance that maintains the normal function of the nerve, heart and digestive system.
What is Vitamin B1 used for?
What is Vitamin B1 used for?
1. Helps digestion 2. Help relieve fatigue 3. Contribute to the normal activities of the nervous system 4. Helps reduce the symptoms of motion sickness and seasickness 5. Help babies treat athlete's foot
Application of Vitamin B1 in Animal Production
Aquatic products Because vitamin B1 has a wide range of effects in aquatic animals, the long-term shortage of vitamin B1 not only affects its growth, but also produces a series of deficiencies through the metabolic reaction disorder in the body.
Studies have found that crustaceans such as shrimps and crabs cannot synthesize vitamin B1 or the amount of vitamin B1 synthesized is very small, and it is difficult to meet their own physiological needs, so they must be obtained through artificial feeding.
Poultry Vitamin B1 also plays an important role in the growth of poultry. The study found that adding thiamine higher than 1.0 mg/kg to the diet significantly increased the body weight of broilers at 3 weeks and 4-7 weeks (P<0.01), 0-3 weeks and 4-7 weeks The requirements for aged broilers are 4.0 mg/kg and 1.6 mg/kg, respectively. Therefore, it can be explained that vitamin B1 is essential in poultry feed formulations.
Ruminants Vitamin B1 has a special nutritional effect on ruminants. Studies have found that during the peak period of lactation, dairy cows are prone to failing to eat concentrates, resulting in a decrease in milk production. They can be injected with 0.25% vitamin B1 30mL intramuscularly. Return to normal after ~3 doses.
Another study found that Wernicke's encephalopathy is caused by prolonged fasting, leading to thiamine deficiency and then onset. It is mainly treated with vitamin B1. If the diagnosis is timely, it can be recovered after treatment.
In addition, vitamin B1 is a specific drug in the treatment of bovine ketone body disease and equine myoglobinuria. It is widely used in organophosphate poisoning, food poisoning and drug poisoning.
Vitamin B1 is usually added in a multi-dimensional form in feed. When adding, consider the species and growth stage of the animal to ensure the best production performance.
What are the Vitamin B1 side effects?
Lack of vitamin B1
When the body lacks vitamin B1, heat energy metabolism is not complete, and acidic substances such as pyruvate will be produced, which will damage the brain, nerves, heart and other organs. The resulting series of symptoms are collectively referred to as "vitamin B1 deficiency."
High-dose use of vitamin B1
1. Overdose can cause headaches, fatigue, irritability, lack of appetite, edema, and diarrhea. 2. A large dose of intravenous vitamin b1 may cause anaphylactic shock. 3. The high-dose use of vitamin b1 will cause a false increase in the uric acid concentration in the user's body, thereby affecting the determination of the human serum theophylline concentration.
Note: The above content is for reference only! Please strictly follow the instructions for use, don’t abuse, don’t misuse!
What specimen can be detected by BALLYA Vitamin B1 Test?
Specimen include: all kinds of feed, food and medicine. Widely used in feed industry and food processing industry. You can choose the right products according to your needs.
Significance of testing Vitamin B1
To protect the animal have health feed, food and medicine, avoid contaminated food. The excess vitamin B1 is harmful for animal being, can’t take too much in the body.
1. Take some feed or food specimen 2. Add the supernatant to cassette 3. Wait for 15 minutes to result 4. The details of operation, refer to the kit instruction
Limitations of BALLYA Vitamin B1 Test?
BALLYA Vitamin B1 Test is a qualitative test kit. It’s only for screening purpose. If have positive cases or suspected case, maybe use other detection method to make a further detection, such as, ELISA, PCR, qPCR, etc.
In recent years, the impact of vitamin B1 on human health has received more and more attention, and the requirements for vitamin B1 testing have become higher and higher. Due to the complex composition of various samples, the determination of vitamin B1 is also more complicated. There are many methods for determining the content of vitamin B1, but not every method is suitable.
BALLYA Vitamin B1 Test is suitable for the detection of hormone residues, toxic and harmful substances and antibiotic residues in feed, food and medicine.
It can be widely used in food and drug administration, health departments, higher education institutions, scientific research institutes, agricultural departments, animal husbandry and veterinarians, breeding farms, slaughterhouses, food and meat products deep processing enterprises, inspection and quarantine departments and other units.