Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) is a very serious virus disease. The virus can reach any part except the growing point.
Cucumber mosaic virus is one of the plant viruses with the largest host range, the widest distribution, and the most economically important. All tobacco growing areas in the world have the distribution and harm of the virus.
Transmission route of cucumber mosaic virus
The virus mainly overwinters on perennial plants. The poisonous aphids are the main vectors for the transmission of the disease. CMV can be transmitted through aphids and friction.
There are more than 60 kinds of aphids that can transmit the virus. Tobacco fields are dominated by Myzus persicae and cotton aphid. CMV multiplies and transfers quickly in tobacco plants.
What is the harm of cucumber mosaic virus?
Disease symptoms of cucumber mosaic virus
In the seedling stage, the infected cotyledons turn yellow and withered, and the young leaves are in dark green and light green floral-leaf shapes. At the same time, the diseased leaves show different degrees of shrinkage and deformity.
The infected new leaves of the adult plant are yellow-green mosaics, the diseased leaves are small and shrunken, the leaves become thicker, and the leaves rewind in severe cases; the internodes of the stem are shortened and the stem is deformed. In severe cases, the leaves of the diseased plant wither; Dark green and light green colors, uneven surface, malformed melon strips.
Severely diseased plants grow small leaves in clusters, do not set melons, and shrink and die. The disease can occur from the seedling stage to the field stage. The veins of the leaf are translucent at the beginning of the onset, and typical mosaics with uneven shades appear after a few days.
The diseased leaves form yellow-green or dark green spots, the leaves are twisted and deformed, the leaf tips are slender and rat-tailed, the leaf bases are elongated, the flanks become narrower and thinner or even disappear completely, and the early onset plants are obviously dwarfed. The root system of the diseased plant is stunted.
How to prevent Cucumber Mosaic Virus?
Cucumber mosaic virus control method
1. Emphasize the quarantine of shipping and place of origin, and strictly control the blockade.
2. Using agricultural measures to control is an effective method to control cucumber green mottle mosaic virus disease.
3. Reasonable crop rotation to reduce virus sources.
4. Select disease-resistant varieties, cultivate strong seedlings, and plant them in an appropriate period. Generally, they should be planted immediately after the local late frost, and the protected area can be properly advanced.
Note: The above content is for reference only, please conduct prevention and treatment under the guidance of experts.
What specimen can be detected by BALLYA Cucumber Mosaic Virus Test?
Specimen include: all kinds of tobacco. Widely used in tobacco and tobacco processing industry. You can choose the right products according to your needs.
Significance of testing Cucumber Mosaic Virus
To protect the health tobacco, avoid contaminated tobacco. The excess cucumber mosaic virus is harmful for animal being, can’t take too much in the body.
1. Take some tobacco specimen 2. Add the supernatant to cassette 3. Wait for 15 minutes to result 4. The details of operation, refer to the kit instruction
Limitations of BALLYA Cucumber Mosaic Virus Test?
BALLYA Cucumber Mosaic Virus Test is a qualitative test kit. It’s only for screening purpose. If have positive cases or suspected case, maybe use other detection method to make a further detection, such as, ELISA, PCR, qPCR, etc.
BALLYA Cucumber Mosaic Virus Test is suitable for the detection of cucumber mosaic virus residues in all kinds of tobaccos. Simple operation, high accuracy and short detection time are the characteristics of this product.
It can be widely used in food and drug administration, health departments, higher education institutions, scientific research institutes, agricultural departments, animal husbandry and veterinarians, breeding farms, slaughterhouses, food and meat products deep processing enterprises, inspection and quarantine departments and other units.