The occurrence of a cow's hoof disease is difficult to avoid during the feeding process, and the milk yield can be directly affected once the cow's limb disease is present, thereby affecting the breeding benefit.
And the hoof part of the milk cow is regularly subjected to a medicinal bath. To prevent the disease of the hoof, the hoof of the cow should be treated once every 1 to 2 months. A disinfection tank is arranged at the outlet of the cow, and a prepared disinfectant is put in the pool, the depth of the liquid medicine is suitable for inundated the hoof of the dairy cow, and the milk cow is self-sterilized when the cow is in and out of the cow house. And 1-2 times of spraying and disinfection of the hoof part of the cow can be carried out by 4 percent of the copper sulfate solution every month so that the medicine liquid is soaked in the whole shoe part. April to October every year is a better time for medicine bath. Zinc sulfate drugs are added regularly.
Adding 0.01%-0.02% zinc sulfate to the diet of dairy cows regularly lasted for more than one month at a time for 5 times a year, which could reduce the incidence of foot-and-limb disease by 40%. At the same time, we should ensure the adequate supply of calcium, phosphorus, and other trace elements. Do a good job of the dairy environment disinfection regularly. Clean cow dung and sewage in time, keep cow site dry and clean, sterilize environment twice a month, kill pathogenic bacteria. The ground of the cow house is best made of red brick, and the cement ground should not be too smooth to prevent the cow from falling, but it should not be too rough.
The ground of the sports ground of the dairy cattle is to be well-drained. The ground surface of the sports field is preferably formed by using the pseudo-ginseng ash soil, and the ground is high in the middle and slightly lower in the periphery to facilitate the water penetration and drainage. Moreover, the ground of the sports field is not to spread the padding such as slag, quicklime and the like to prevent the damage to the shoe parts.
To check the hoof of the cow on a regular basis, it is found that the cow suffering from the disease of the limb is immediately isolated, the affected part is washed with normal saline in time, and the diseased part is sterilized with a new cleaning solution, and then the rotten tissue is removed and the dressing is used for dressing, and the medicine is also used for sealing and acupuncture treatment.
2.The wood tongue disease
The tongue of the wooden tongue is a heat of heart and heat, which is hard to be swollen by the tongue. The disease often occurs in the fall, because the autumn climate is dry, and in addition, the labor is too heavy, the rush of the long thirst to drink, the excessive feeding of the cereal and the like when the heat is hot, and the like, so that the heat evil is accumulated in the heart and chest, and the attack is caused by the tongue.
The disease symptom:
The ox tongue of the diseased cow is enlarged and hard, similar to a wooden stick, and can not move freely.
First, rub against the tongue of the ox with the crushed scallion leaf until the tongue is soft. The method comprises the following steps of using a sterilized needlepoint to puncture the bottom of the tongue, and punching with a clean well water after the blood is drawn out, so that a good treatment effect can be received; and 50 grams of indigo naturalis and a small amount of borneol are ground into a fine surface, and a little is applied to the tongue surface at a time,3 times a day, and used for a plurality of times. day; 50 g of white tea, 50 g of white rice, 40 g of yellow pine, 20 g of white white rice, 20 g of alum, all of which were developed together, washed into a paste into a cloth bag containing in the mouth, and tied to the head with ropes at both ends.
The bloating is also called "rumen suffocation", which occurs mostly before and after the fall. The main reason is that cattle suddenly ate a large amount of young, tender and juice grass at a time, especially alfalfa and other legumes, which produces a large amount of gas in the short time, which causes a sudden expansion of cattle rumen.
The abdominal part of the sick cow is enlarged, especially the left rib is protruding. In the case of a severe condition, it can be higher than the spine back, the pressing is elastic, and the percussion sounds. The sick cattle are bitter, the ruminant stops, the heart sound is hypersonic, It is difficult to breathe, looks back to the abdomen, the hernia is uncomfortable, and finally the rumen ruptures and dies. Prevention: When feeding cattle with young green grass in the autumn, add some high-quality hay.
After the rumen was punctured with casing needle, 50 ml kerosene or 20 ml Lexur was injected into the rumen; 200 grams of tobacco leaves were filled with water once; 100 grams of fennel, 100 grams of garlic, 250 grams of aged vinegar, and one time of tamping and vinegar.
4.Tetanus cattle ophthalmopathy
Tetanus cattle ophthalmopathy, also known as bovine sucking nematode, is a parasitic ophthalmopathy caused by sucking nematodes parasitic on the conjunctival bursa of cattle, the third eyelid, and lacrimal canaliculus.
Symptoms: conjunctivitis and keratitis are caused by the stimulation of conjunctiva and cornea by the worm. Diseased cattle have photophobia and tears, conjunctival congestion, eyelid swelling, and atresia, accompanied by numerous secretions. The development of the disease corneal gradually opacified, smoky or all-white, and there are new blood spots, even erosion, and ulcers, severe perforation, visual acuity disappeared. Sick cattle often show extreme uneasiness, rubbing their eyes against other objects or kicking their eyes with their hind legs and hoofs, shaking their heads and tail, losing appetite and reducing milk production.
Treatment: intraoral administration of levosquinazole phosphate, 8 mg per kilogram, 2 times a day, 2 days, 1% ≤ 2% trichlorfon solution or 0.5% ≤ 1% compound red solution or 5% colloidal eye water solution directly into the eye to kill insects, twice a day for 2 days, 2% ≤ 3% boric acid solution or 0.1% iodine solution. It was used to wash the conjunctivae of the conjunctiva,2 times a day, for 2 days.
Use antibiotics cautiously
In that general case of the use of antibiotics, if the cow is not very serious, do not use the antibiotic. If you have to use this antibiotic, it is preferable to administer the drug in an injection mode, and not to be taken orally. The cow is a polygastric animal when administered orally, the antibiotic will kill some beneficial microorganisms in the rumen of the cow, thus causing the imbalance of the microbial community in the rumen of the cow. The calf has not been set up in the rumen microbial community. To prevent disease, to promote the growth, a proper amount of antibiotics can be fed, but it is not to be fed until 7-8 months.
The number of elements injection of antibirth to a cow is also as small as possible, as the cow is timid and very sensitive, and the stimulation at the time of the injection will have an impact on the milk yield of the milk cow. If the cow disease is not very serious, it is best to wait until the end of production to be treated so as not to affect the milk yield. At the same time, in the 2 months after the production of the cow, the breeding management should be strengthened, so that the dairy cows can be kept well in the production period, and the dairy cows can be put into the next round of production in a healthy body condition.
Prevent the cow disease, there is disinfection technique
The disinfection of milk cow epidemic prevention is to kill pathogenic microorganisms on the media, so as to kill the pathogenic microorganisms on the mass media, and the pathogenic microorganism is eliminated in the body of the livestock and poultry, and the transmission route of the infectious disease is cut off to achieve the purpose of prevention and control of cow disease. Dairy workers should change their clothes in time when entering the production area, ultraviolet disinfection for 3 minutes, work clothes should not be worn out of the field, production area should avoid outsider visits as far as possible, visitors should thoroughly disinfect and change work clothes and working shoes when visiting. Work clothes or working shoes should be sterilized regularly with a certain concentration of neojelmil, organic iodine mixture or coal phenol soap aqueous solution.
The barn should be thoroughly cleaned after each class of cattle is under the trough, regularly washed with a high-pressure water gun, and lime should be sprinkled around the barn, under the production bed, and the cow bed, or sprayed with 2% caustic soda.
The surrounding environment of cattle farm (including sports ground) is sterilized with 2% fire alkali or quicklime every 2 weeks, and the sewage tanks, feces pit and sewer exits around and on the farm are disinfected with bleach once a month. A disinfection tank should be set up at the gate and the entrance of the cow house. The disinfectant solution in the disinfection tank should be replaced frequently with a 2% alkaloid or coal phenol soap solution.
Feeding utensils, tanks, and feed vehicles should be sterilized regularly with 0.1% Xinjielmil or 0.2% ≤ 0.5% peracetic acid; daily utensils, milking equipment, and milk tankers, veterinary equipment, seed matching equipment should also be thoroughly cleaned and sterilized before and after use; vehicles should be sprayed sterilized when entering the yard area. And the milking machine pipeline is used for cleaning and sterilizing the hot alkaline water at the temperature of between 35 and 46 DEG C and the hot alkaline water at the temperature of between 70 DEG C and 75 DEG C to remove the residual substances in the pipeline, and at the same time, the breeding of the microorganisms is prevented.
Before the operation of milking, midwifery, mating, injection treatment and any contact with a cow, the relevant parts of the cow, such as the breast, the nipple, the colposcopy, and the back body, must be disinfected and wiped, prevent the man-made transmission of the disease. The dairy cow is regularly sprayed with 4% copper sulfate solution to reduce the incidence of the hoof disease and to ensure the health of the cow's hoof.
Periodic disinfection with 0.1% new or 0.3% peracetic acid or 0.1% sodium hypochlorite, so that It not only eliminates the microorganisms on the surface of cattle, the shackles and the surface of the chute but also avoids the infection of microorganisms among the cattle.