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What milk powder contains aflatoxins?

Posted on: November 8, 2019, by Samantha

Salmonella was found in French Modilac milk powder and 400,000 barrels of products were recalled.

Salmonella
Salmonella

Sodilac recently announced that it had decided to recall a variety of rice protein-based products sold under the Modilac milk brand after receiving reports of four cases of Salmonella infection. The company announced that only two batches of products from Spanish factories were involved at present, but after consultation with DGCCRF, all rice protein-based dairy products produced by the factories involved needed to be recycled out of caution.

The recycling involved 18 products, totaling 400,000 barrels of milk powder, which were generally sold in pharmacies, welfare agencies - loving canteens, MSF and the Guyana Red Cross, as well as online e-commerce platforms. Modiolar has published a list of recycled products online. The head of the company said that the company was responsible and prudent to recall the products, the recall scale is unprecedented.

The company said that parents who bought the product would return the milk powder in time. If the baby has diarrhea and fever after using milk powder, the company advises parents to visit the pediatrician in time and find the new milk substitute. At the end of 2013, Modilac joined the dairy group Savencia Fromage & dairy. The group has 20,000 workers, with a turnover of 5 billion euros in 2017.

In fact, besides Salmonella, parents also have to pay more attention to the contamination of milk powder for babies. That's aflatoxin pollution.
Aflatoxin is classified as a 1st carcinogen by the Cancer Research Institute of the World Health Organization (WHO). It is a highly toxic and highly toxic substance. The harmfulness of aflatoxin lies in its destructive effect on human and animal liver tissues, which can lead to some liver disease symptoms even liver cancer and even death.  Among the naturally polluted foods, aflatoxin B1 is the most common. Its toxicity and carcinogenicity are also strongest.

Aflatoxin M1 is mainly found in various kinds of milk. M means "milk". It also has a brother M2.

Aflatoxin
Aflatoxin

B1, B2, G1, and G2 are the representatives' types of aflatoxins which often appear in agricultural products. After B1 and B2 are eaten by the female cow, a small fraction of them will be converted into M1 and M2 and enter the milk. This is the source of aflatoxin in milk.

China has the highest allowable aflatoxin content of milk in milk markets, and its products (sterilized milk, fresh raw milk, whole milk powder, evaporated milk, sweet condensed milk) and butter fresh pig tissue (liver, kidney, blood and lean meat). The maximum permitted content is 0.5 g/kg (aflatoxin M1).

The relevant laws of the Federal Government of the United States stipulate that the content of aflatoxin in human consumption food and dairy cattle feed in the cattle company (referring to the total amount of B1+B2+G1+G2) cannot exceed 15 ug /kg. The content of milk consumed by human beings cannot exceed 0.5 ug/kg, and the content of other animal feed cannot exceed 300 ug/kg.

The EU countries stipulate more stringent restrictions on aflatoxin B1 in peanuts and nuts, processed products and all cereals and processed products; M1 in raw milk, heat-treated milk, and processed milk products is 0.050 ug/kg; M1 in infant food (including infant milk) is 0.025 ug/kg.
Long-term consumption of milk powder containing aflatoxin can cause great harm to the baby's body.

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