The importance of ranch equipment is directly related to the life and production of ranch, so whether it is the protection of water and electricity, or the use of milkers, loaders, TMR, and other vehicles because of working conditions in full-load operation, especially in large ranches, once the milking and hydroelectric system fails, it not only directly affects the cow milking and drinking water, but also limit the stability and improvement of cow yield per unit area. All kinds of the stress of dairy cows have a great relationship with infrastructure equipment. Failure to get timely maintenance will lead to stagnation of production equipment, resulting in various kinds of stress on cattle. This kind of problem has occurred in many ranches.
Ranch equipment and facilities are damaged, due to unreasonable allocation during pasture construction firstly; secondly, the particularity of the use of machinery and equipment has not been repaired and maintained in time. Just like vehicle facilities, because they work under dust conditions all day, whether water tanks, air filters or various axles are easy to pollute and affect the oil supply of vehicles and other functions. If these hidden dangers can not be dealt with in time, they may cause damage to equipment and facilities, and affect the operation of vehicles. Therefore, the formulation of vehicle maintenance regulations in the ranch is particularly important. The milking system is the same, regular maintenance, maintenance at any time, and the storage of vulnerable accessories is necessary, including some important parts of equipment accessories, such as milk pumps.
First of all, all the classified records of the equipment in the ranch should be filed (forming an electronic file) and the responsibility should be placed on people. Then, according to the requirements of equipment maintenance and nursing, maintenance and replacement plan of spare parts should be made. Of course, in the special environment, equipment needs to be strengthened and maintained, and a written standardized management system should be formed and implemented, and a supervisory mechanism should be formed at the same time. For example, the straw loader and the tractor towing TMR, because the working environment is mostly in the dust, the water tank and air filter element need to be cleaned up once a day, and the various multi-axis of the transmission shaft and bucket also need to be supplemented with butter every day. Only in this way can the wear and tear parts be reduced.
Similarly, vehicles should be kept clean and air, oil, and oil filters should be checked regularly to ensure timely replacement. Other similar blades should also pay attention to the quality of grass mixing, timely replacement according to the use. At the same time of regular maintenance, we should pay attention to the use of vehicles and record them every day. In short, it does not affect the use of vehicles and delays in feeding cows. Vulnerable parts also need to be bought urgently in case of emergencies. The same for other vehicle equipment, such as generators, pusher trucks, dung and excrement pushing facilities, etc. The maintenance of milking equipment, such as milk lining, milk tube, trachea, which should be replaced as required and recorded at the same time. Some important parts need spare parts, such as milk pump vacuum series vulnerable parts, including water heater vulnerable parts.
Every part of the ranch is very important, but as a modern ranch, the use of equipment has become an irreplaceable human resource. The demand for the comfort of high-yielding cows is closely related to it. As a result, cold in winter, hot in summer, comfortable in bed, fast and quiet milking, timely cleaning of cow manure, waste disposal and so on are inseparable from the normal operation of the equipment. Especially in large-scale ranches, no matter what kind of equipment failure may lead to production paralysis. So whether the management and maintenance of equipment can be achieved is not only the continuation of fixed assets and the increase of loss but also the better management of cows, people, and ranch, as well as the guarantee of production and operation. All these need to be guaranteed by the corresponding system from the aspects of procurement, management, and use.