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dub-pwm

Yuav ua li cas teeb meem yog pwm dub?

Muab lo rau  Cuaj hlis 30, 2020, Kho los ntawm Jason, Qeb  
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Ballya-mycotoxin-xeem

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Cov pwm dub yog dab tsi?

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dub-pwm

Txij li thaum koj xav nkag siab dab tsi pwm dub yog, koj yuav tsum xub paub pwm.

Pwm yog ib hom kab mob fungus, uas yog tus cwj pwm los ntawm kev tsim ntau mycelium tsis muaj cov txiv hmab txiv ntoo loj. Zoo li lwm cov fungi, lawv muaj cov phab ntsa ntawm tes, nyob hauv cov kab mob los yog saprophytic. Qee cov pwm hloov cov khoom noj rau hauv cov tshuaj lom, thiab qee qhov tuaj yeem tsim cov co toxins hauv cov khoom noj, uas yog, mycotoxins. Txij li thaum lub discovery ntawm tshuaj aflatoxin, qhov paug ntawm cov khoom noj los ntawm mycotoxin tau attracted ntau ntxiv. Nws ua rau muaj kev puas tsuaj loj rau tib neeg kev noj qab haus huv, feem ntau tshwm sim raws li kev lom lom, carcinogenic, teratogenic, thiab mutagenic cuam tshuam.

Cov pwm dub tsis yog hom pwm raws li neeg feem coob xav. Cov pwm dub tuaj yeem suav nrog ntau hom pwm. Nws yog hu ua "dub pwm" vim nws muaj xim ntsuab tsaus lossis xim dub. Stachybotrys daim duab kuj yog ib hom pwm dub.

Cov pwm dub, zoo li lwm cov pwm, nyiam loj hlob hauv qhov chaw ntub thiab sov, xws li koj chav dej, chav dej, chav ua noj, thiab hauv qab daus. Dub tsis txhais hais tias nws muaj kev phom sij ntau dua li lwm cov pwm. Tam sim no tsis muaj pov thawj tias cov xim ntawm pwm muaj feem xyuam rau lawv cov tshuaj lom.

Yuav ua li cas teeb meem yog pwm dub?

1. Zaub lom lom

Tom qab noj mov tuaj pwm noj, nws yuav ncaj qha ua rau lom, los yog tsim carcinogens, thiab tshuaj lom neeg lub cev.

2. Cov kab mob pwm

Pwm tsim tawm ncaj qha rau tib neeg lub cev, ua rau cov kab mob fungal thiab lwm yam kab mob, uas muaj ntau dua hauv qee cov neeg mob.

3. Ua xua rau cov kab mob

Cov kab mob ua xua tuaj yeem tshwm sim los ntawm cov pwm, xws li bronchial hawb pob thiab dermatitis. Ntxiv rau, mycotoxin muaj qhov ua siab ntev rau qhov kub thiab txias, yog li nws yog qhov zoo dua tsis txhob noj zaub mov uas muaj pwm.

Qhov chaw uas cov pwm dub zoo li tshwm sim thiab tawm tsam

1. Khaub ncaws

Feem ntau peb yog vim li cas rau kev loj hlob ntawm pwm dub ntawm khaub ncaws. Ib qho yog tias cov khaub ncaws tsis ntxuav, lwm qhov yog cov khaub ncaws tsis qhuav tag, thiab qhov thib peb yog cov khaub ncaws muab tso rau hauv qhov chaw ntub dej. Nyob rau lub caij ntuj sov thiab huab cua sov, cov khaub ncaws ntau dua pwm dub.

Yog li cov lus nug yog, yuav ua li cas tshem tawm cov irksome pwm?

A. Aerobic ntxhua khaub ncaws

Soak cov khaub ncaws hauv aerobic ntxhua khaub ncaws thiab ntxuav lawv ntub. Aerobic ntxhua khaub ncaws yog ib hom tshuaj ntxhua khaub ncaws uas tuaj yeem ua kom tsis muaj pwm thiab tshem tawm cov pwm pwm, uas tuaj yeem txo cov pwm pwm ntawm cov fiber ntau thiab xim. Nws yuav tsum raug sau tseg tias cov tshuaj bleaching sib txawv yuav tsum tau siv rau ntau hom fiber ntau, thiab cov xim ceev ceev yuav tsum tau ua.

Yog tias cov xim tsis tuaj yeem tiv taus cov pa bleaching, ces siv ammonia los yog tshuaj ntxuav tes los kuaj cov xim ceev, vim qhov no tuaj yeem txhim kho cov khaub ncaws. Cov av noo, tsis muaj qhov cua thiab tshav ntuj yuav ua rau cov pwm loj hlob sai. Yog li ntawd, cov khaub ncaws muab tso rau hauv hnab yas yuav tsum tau kho tam sim ntawd kom tsis txhob muaj pwm.

B. Ntxuav mov

Soak cov khaub ncaws pwm hauv cov dej ntxhua khaub ncaws ib hmos kom tso cov protein ntxiv rau adsorb pwm. Hnub tom qab, cov xim ntawm cov mov-ntxuav dej tau tsaus, thiab cov kab mob mildew tau raug tshem tawm ntau. Ntxuav nws ob peb zaug nrog xab npum dej.

C. Haus dej cawv

So nrog 2% xab npum thiab dej cawv, tom qab ntawd so nrog 3% -5% sodium hypochlorite lossis hydrogen peroxide, thiab thaum kawg ntxuav cov khaub ncaws.

D. Mung taum sprouts

Muab cov noob taum ntsuab tso rau ntawm qhov chaw mildew, txhuam koj txhais tes kom huv si, thiab thaum kawg yaug nrog dej.

E. Radish tev

So thaj tsam moldy nrog radish tev thiab ntxuav nws.

2. Phab ntsa

Ib txhia ntawm cov phab ntsa pwm dub hauv tsev yuav tsim cov pob dub rau ntawm phab ntsa, thiab qee qhov yog lush, uas tuaj yeem kis mus rau tag nrho cov phab ntsa. Qhov tsw ntawm phab ntsa qhov twg pwm loj hlob yog pungent. Cov txheej txheem ntawm phab ntsa pwm yog qhov nyuaj, thiab feem ntau ntawm lawv yog tshuaj lom. Kev nqus tau ntev ntawm cov spores no ua rau muaj kev phom sij rau tib neeg kev noj qab haus huv.

Pwm nyiam ib puag ncig acidic thiab aerobic, thiab qhov kev loj hlob zoo tshaj plaws yog nyob nruab nrab ntawm 25 ℃ - 35 ℃. Lawv loj hlob zoo nyob rau hauv cov xwm txheej ntawm cov av noo ntawm kwv yees li 90% -100%, tab sis yog tias tus txheeb ze av noo poob mus rau 80% -85%, pwm kev loj hlob yuav qeeb lossis txawm tias tsis khov. Tsuav yog muaj cov as-ham xws li cov pa roj carbon thiab nitrogen, thiab qhov kub thiab txias yog qhov tsim nyog, cov av noo ntawm cov txheeb ze yog siab, thiab cov pa oxygen txaus, pwm yuav loj hlob tuaj, thiab cov pwm yug me nyuam yuav ua rau muaj ntau yam sib txawv. ua mob rau phab ntsa.

A. Cov pwm sab hauv tsev tseem ceeb

ib. Cladosprium
Nws yog ntsuab thiab xim av thiab muaj zog vitality. Pobzeb pobzeb, caulking, PVC yas wallpaper, pleev xim rau saum npoo, kev sib txuas nto, fiber ntau wallpaper nto, thiab lwm yam tuaj yeem nrhiav tau yooj yim. Nws tuaj yeem ua rau mob hawb pob, kab mob ntawm daim tawv nqaij thiab emit ib tug muaj zog tsw.

b. Acremonium
Lub teeb xim av pwm, pom nyob rau hauv PVC yas wallpaper, pobzeb pob qij txha, mortar, roj hmab, thiab lwm yam.

c. Penicillium
Nws yog feem ntau hu ua xiav pwm thiab nws muaj xiav, lavender, daj-ntsuab thiab lwm yam xim, feem ntau pom nyob rau hauv PVC yas wallpaper, adhesives, epoxy resin, urethane txheej, thiab lwm yam.

d. Tricoderma
Ntsuab pwm, feem ntau pom nyob rau hauv mortar, urethane, pleev xim rau saum npoo, epoxy resin.

e. Altenaria
Grey-dub, ntsuab-dub pwm, feem ntau pom nyob rau hauv mortar, urethane, pleev xim rau saum npoo, PVC yas wallpaper, thiab lwm yam., tuaj yeem deteriorate txheej zaj duab xis thiab yas.

f. Aspergillus
Nws suav nrog pwm dub, engineering pwm, Thiab lwm yam

g. Aureobasidium Pullualans
Nws yog ib hom pwm feem ntau pom nyob ze ntawm breweries. Zoo li cov pa luam yeeb dub adhesion, cov pwm pwm ua suab dub. Nws tuaj yeem pom hauv PVC yas wallpaper, pleev xim rau saum npoo, pobzeb pobzeb, thiab lwm yam.

B. Kev phom sij

Nyob hauv ib puag ncig sab hauv tsev uas muaj kab mob ntawm phab ntsa pwm rau lub sijhawm ntev, tib neeg yuav pom qhov tsis xis nyob. Cov tsos mob heev yog mob taub hau, mob hauv siab, mob rhinitis, pharyngitis, qaug zog, khaus khaus, tawv nqaij ua xua, thiab lwm yam. Cov kab mob tuaj yeem tso cov tshuaj tsis haum xeeb (Microbial Volatile Organic Compounds, mVOCs), uas muaj ntxhiab tsw thiab khaus qhov muag. mVOCs kuj tuaj yeem ua rau qhov ntswg los ntshav, ua rau mob hawb pob thiab mob hawb pob hnyav.

Pwm ntawm phab ntsa tuaj yeem ua rau cov phab ntsa tsis sib xws, corrosion ntawm daim tawv nqaij txheej, shedding ntawm cov hniav txheej, thiab blistering. Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, cov khoom siv hauv tsev ua mos thiab pulverized, thiab kev ua haujlwm ntawm cov khoom siv rwb thaiv tsev yog txo. Nws tuaj yeem pom tias thaum lub xub ntiag ntawm pwm cuam ​​tshuam rau kev zoo nkauj thiab cov qauv ntawm lub tsev, nws kuj ua rau muaj kev hem thawj loj rau kev pabcuam lub neej ntawm lub tsev.

C. Yuav tiv thaiv phab ntsa li cas?

ib. Txo cov av noo nyob hauv tsev;

b. Khaws qhov kub ntawm qhov saum npoo ntawm qhov dew point kub;

c. Siv cov txheej txheem dej vapor tiv thaiv los tswj kev nkag mus ntawm cov dej vapor thiab cua rau hauv phab ntsa;

d. Tiv thaiv phab ntsa los ntawm infiltrating vim los nag thiab dej hauv av.

D. Yuav ua li cas tshem tawm phab ntsa pwm?

ib. Thaum cov pwm tau tshwm sim ntawm phab ntsa, siv cov txhuam hniav los txhuam cov kab mob mildew, thiab maj mam so nrog cov ntaub mos mos moistened nrog cawv kom qhuav ntawm phab ntsa thiab tiv thaiv kev loj hlob ntawm cov kab mob.

b. Muab cov tshuaj dawb thiab dej tso rau hauv qhov dej hauv qhov sib piv ntawm 1: 99 thiab tshuaj tsuag rau ntawm phab ntsa moldy.

c. So lub phab ntsa nrog ib daim ntaub thiab tom qab ntawd yaug nrog dej. Tom qab cov phab ntsa qhuav lawm, siv cov tshuaj tiv thaiv pwm kom tsis txhob ya raws ntev. Tsis tas li ntawd, muaj ib qho yooj yim kho dej tus neeg saib xyuas ntawm kev ua lag luam, tsuas yog tshuaj tsuag rau hauv qhov tawg ntawm phab ntsa.

3. Nkawm khau

Thaum lub caij los nag, nag los ntev, ua ke nrog qhov kub thiab txias thaum lub caij ntuj sov, ua rau cov av noo nyob rau hauv cov huab cua, thiab cov khau uas tsis hnav rau lub sijhawm ntev, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov khau tawv tawv, yog cov kab mob pwm thiab cov pob khaus.

ib. Yog tias cov khau tawv muaj pwm. Koj tuaj yeem sib tov cawv thiab dej hauv qhov sib piv ntawm 1: 1, tom qab ntawd siv cov ntaub mos muag hauv qhov sib tov los so cov khau tawv, thiab muab tso rau hauv qhov chaw cua kom qhuav.

b. Rau cov khau dawb, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog cov khau ntaub dawb, lawv yuav tawm stains tom qab lawv ua pwm. Yog li ntxiv ib qho nyiaj ntawm dawb vinegar nyob rau hauv lub xeem yaug. Nws yog qhov zoo tshaj rau soak rau ib nrab ib teev, thiab npog cov khau nrog cov ntaub so ntswg thaum lawv yaug thiab aired kom lawv tsis tig daj.

c. Rau cov khau dawb canvas, koj tuaj yeem ntub cov khau nrog dej. Tom qab ntawd muab cov tshuaj zawv plaub hau thiab sawv ntsug ib ntus, lossis muab cov khau nrog sulfur xab npum rau hauv lub hnab yas kaw. Tso nws rau lub hnub rau 20 feeb, ces txhuam nws tawm, vim hais tias sulfur muaj cov kab mob bactericidal thiab tshuaj dawb!

Ceev faj

Cov khau yuav tsum tau ntxuav ua ntej cia, thiab khaws cia tom qab ziab! Nws yog qhov zoo tshaj kom tsis txhob muab lub thawv khau thiab cov ntawv ntim rau hauv cov khau. Lawv yuav los ua ke thaum koj xav tau khaws koj nkawm khau.

Koj tuaj yeem yuav lub tshuab ntxhua khaub ncaws rau khau. Siv ib daim ntaub mos muag los yog txhuam hniav nrog cov tshuaj ntxuav thiab siv rau qhov chaw pwm ntawm cov khau. Tab sis cov tshuaj ntxuav mildew tuaj yeem ua rau khaus, yog li nws yog qhov zoo tshaj rau hnav lub npog ntsej muag thiab cov hnab looj tes roj hmab thaum siv nws!

Yog tias koj xav khaws koj cov khau, ces koj yuav tsum ntxuav cov khau, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog sab hauv khau, thiab cov khau khau. Qhuav nws tag nrho nyob rau hauv ib qho chaw ventilated. Muab cov khau khiab rau ntawm cov khau tawv, kom qhuav, muab cov ntawv tso rau hauv cov khau, muab tso rau hauv ib lub thawv khau, thiab thaum kawg muab tso rau hauv ib lub hnab khau los yog qhov chaw qhuav thiab qhov cua.

4. Zog ntawm pawg thawj coj saib

Cov neeg feem coob siv cov ntoo txiav ntoo hauv tsev. Txawm hais tias cov ntoo txiav ntoo yog ib qho yooj yim rau siv thiab thauj cov kabmob, lawv nquag dub thiab pwm tom qab siv sijhawm ntev, thiab lawv zoo li qias neeg, yog li koj twv tsis siv lawv dua. Yog li ntawd, qee tus neeg nyiam coj nws tawm mus rau lub hnub, xav tias qhov no yuav tua cov pwm, tab sis hloov, lub hnub tawg qhov txiav.

A. Baking soda thiab dawb vinegar

Tom qab lub rooj txiav txiav tig dub thiab pwm, nws yuav tsis raug ntxuav nrog dej huv. Yog li ntawd, koj muaj peev xwm ncuav ib me ntsis dawb vinegar nyob rau sab saum toj, thiab thaum lub dawb vinegar yuav qhuav me ntsis, sprinkle ib tug puv tes ntawm ci dej qab zib, cia lub ci dej qab zib tag nrho npog qhov qias neeg ntawm lub txiav board, thiab cia nws zaum. 15 feeb. Tom qab 15 feeb, so nws maj mam nrog lub pob steel hlau, thiab koj yuav pom tias lub rooj tsavxwm txiav tau huv dua. Vim hais tias dawb vinegar muaj cov nyhuv ntawm softening av, thiab ci dej qab zib muaj cov nyhuv ntawm adsorption, siv ob ua ke yuav ob npaug rau cov nyhuv.

B. Ginger

Ntxiv nrog rau kev ua seasoning, Ginger tuaj yeem siv los ntxuav cov laug cam. Qee lub rooj txiav plaub hau muaj ntxhiab tsw, vim tias nqaij, ntses thiab nqaij nruab deg feem ntau ua rau lawv. Xws li lub rooj txiav txiav ua rau tib neeg tsis xis nyob siv, thiab ib txwm xav tias zaub mov yuav kis kab mob. Yog li ntawd, qhiav tuaj yeem siv los so lub rooj txiav txiav, kom koj tuaj yeem tshem tawm cov ntxhiab tsw phem.

C. Ntsev

Tus nqi ntsev txawm qis dua. Thaum koj txhuam cov txiav txiav, koj tuaj yeem nphoo ntsev rau nws. Qhov no yuav tsis tsuas yog tshuaj tua kab mob xwb tab sis kuj ua rau kom muaj kev sib txhuam thiab ua kom lub tshuab ntxuav tais diav.

xaus

Seb nws yog pwm dub or pwm ntawm lwm cov xim, nws yog deleterious rau tib neeg noj qab haus huv. Peb yuav tsum tau siv ntau yam kev tiv thaiv, thiab yog tias pwm tshwm, peb yuav tsum ua raws li lub sijhawm.

Xav kawm paub ntau ntxiv txog mycotoxins? Nyeem Cov zaub mov twg muaj ochratoxin A?

References

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Zoo siab tsim los ntawm BALLYA
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