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mis nyuj

Vim li cas cov hmoov mis paug los ntawm cov kab mob pathogenic?

Muab lo rau  Cuaj hlis 22, 2019, Kho los ntawm Samantha, Qeb  
mis hmoov
mis hmoov

Thaum Lub Xya Hli, ob peb tus menyuam mos hauv Fab Kis tau kis tus kabmob Salmonella thiab tau ceeb toom tam sim rau European Union tias cov mis mos ntawm Ireland raug xav tias yuav kis kab mob. Salmonella yog ib qho ntawm cov khoom noj uas muaj paug, feem ntau kis mus rau tib neeg los ntawm cov zaub mov tsis huv, uas tuaj yeem ua rau mob plab hnyuv, feem ntau tshwm sim. ntuav thiab raws plab, kub taub hau, thiab lwm yam.

Ireland tau teb los ntawm kev lees paub tias Ireland tus me nyuam mos mis mis hmoov yog tsim nruj me ntsis raws li cov khoom noj zoo tshaj plaws thiab kev nyab xeeb thiab ua raws li cov qauv ntawm European Union thiab Tuam Tshoj. zaub mov kev ruaj ntseg sector.

Txawm hais tias qhov xwm txheej no yog xov xwm tsis tseeb, dab tsi yog qhov kev tsim tawm ntawm cov qauv zoo? Cov mis nyuj uas koj tus menyuam haus dej haus ua li cas? Yuav xaiv tus menyuam mos li cas mis nyuj hmoov rau menyuam mos?

Koj paub ntau npaum li cas txog mis nyuj?
mis nyuj

Kev tswj hwm microbial yog qhov tseem ceeb

Feem ntau, cov mis mos mis hmoov tsis muaj kab mob los ntawm cov kab mob xws li Salmonella. Vim tias kev tswj hwm microbial khiav los ntawm txhua qhov txuas ntawm tag nrho cov txheej txheem ntau lawm.

Ua ntej, cov tuam txhab tsim khoom yuav tsim kom muaj kev tswj hwm kev tiv thaiv kab mob microbial, thiab tsis tu ncua (ib lub lis piam) raws li kev soj ntsuam cov txheej txheem kom ntseeg tau tias cov kab mob pathogenic xws li Salmonella thiab Sau kab mob Sakazakii tau tswj tau zoo (tag nrho cov kab mob suav <30 CFU / tais) hauv cov chaw tsim khoom huv.

Cov neeg ua haujlwm nkag mus rau thaj chaw ua haujlwm huv yuav ua tiav qhov kev kuaj xyuas microbiological tsis tu ncua lossis tsis tu ncua. Tag nrho cov kev cob qhia ntau lawm yog pressurized los purify huab cua, thiab yuav tsis muaj kuab paug los ntawm sab nraud cua. Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, cov cuab yeej tsim khoom thiab cov cuab yeej yuav raug ntxuav tsis tu ncua lossis tshuaj tua kab mob, thiab ua ntej kev tsim khoom, nws yog ib qho tsim nyog yuav tsum tau ua kom huv huv. Cov tshuaj tua kab mob thiab ziab kom qhuav kom ntseeg tau tias cov khoom siv mis tsis muaj kab mob pathogens hauv cov txheej txheem tsim khoom.

Qhov thib ob, tag nrho cov khoom siv raw thiab cov khoom siv ntawm cov menyuam mos mis mis hmoov yuav tsum tau ua raws li cov txheej txheem tshuaj xyuas nruj ua ntej kev tsim khoom, siv cov khoom siv tshuaj xyuas kom ntseeg tau tias lawv ua tau raws li cov qauv kev nyab xeeb hauv lub tebchaws thiab tsis muaj cov kab mob pathogenic rau kev tsim khoom.

Thib peb, cov txheej txheem tsim khoom ntawm cov menyuam mos mis mis hmoov yuav tsum tau ua cov txheej txheem nruj me ntsis kom ntseeg tau tias qhov zoo ntawm cov khoom tsim tau muaj kev ruaj ntseg.

Thaum kawg, tom qab cov khoom tsim tawm, nws yuav tsum tsim nyog ua ntej nws tuaj yeem tawm hauv lub tuam txhab mis nyuj, kom ntseeg tau tias cov dej noo ntawm cov khoom siv mis hmoov yog li 3% thiab cov dej ua haujlwm (Aw) yog li 0.2. Nyob rau hauv cov xwm txheej no, cov kab mob microorganisms tsis tuaj yeem tsim thiab loj hlob. Yog li ntawd, cov khoom tsim nyog yuav tsis raug kab mob los ntawm cov kab mob tsis muaj kev puas tsuaj rau lub ntim.

Yog hais tias tus me nyuam mos mis hmoov yog kis los ntawm cov kab mob pathogenic, nws yuav tsum tau muaj kab mob hauv cov txheej txheem tsim khoom. Piv txwv li, cov khoom siv raw khoom siv muaj cov kab mob pathogenic thiab tsis tau ua kom tsis muaj menyuam, lossis cov khoom siv ntau lawm thiab cov chaw tsim khoom tsis huv ua ntej tsim khoom, ua rau muaj kuab paug, thiab lwm yam. Txhua ntawm peb cov txheej txheem muaj nws tus kheej zoo thiab qhov tsis zoo.

Yuav ua li cas ua cov mis mos mis hmoov?

Hais lus yooj yim, nws yog ib qho mis mis hmoov ua los ntawm kev sib xyaw mis hmoov los yog mis nyuj nyoos nrog lwm cov khoom siv pabcuam. Mis hmoov feem ntau hu ua mis hmoov. Cov mis nyuj nyoos yog hais txog cov mis nyuj nyoos, uas yog, cov mis nyuj nyoos uas tsis tau ua tiav los ntawm nyuj. Cov excipients suav nrog ntau yam mis nyuj as -ham.

Piv nrog rau cov mis nyuj zoo tib yam, cov mis mos mis hmoov yog tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau cov menyuam yaus noj, muaj ntau yam khoom noj khoom haus tseeb, yog li hauv cov txheej txheem tsim khoom, kev tswj cov as-ham thiab cov kab mob muaj zog ntau dua.

Muaj peb txoj kev tsim khoom tseem ceeb: cov txheej txheem qhuav, txheej txheem ntub dej thiab cov txheej txheem ntub dej ntub.
(1) Cov txheej txheem qhuav

Nws yog hais txog tus me nyuam mos mis mis hmoov uas tau los ntawm qhov hnyav, sterilizing, sib tov thiab ntim tag nrho cov khoom xyaw ntawm raw thiab auxiliary cov ntaub ntawv nyob rau hauv qhuav lub xeev. Nws cov txheej txheem thev naus laus zis yog cov khoom siv raw thiab cov khoom siv pabcuam kev npaj pub mis kom tsis muaj menyuam cov khoom xyaw (premix) pub mis sib tov ntim. Cov khoom siv raw thiab cov khoom siv siv hauv cov txheej txheem qhuav yog hmoov, nrog rau cov mis hmoov, desalted whey hmoov, whey protein hmoov, roj hmoov, vitamin hmoov, ntxhia hmoov, thiab lwm yam.

Nws txoj kev ua kom tsis muaj menyuam yog ultraviolet lossis ozone sterilization. Nws tsuas tuaj yeem ua kom tsis muaj menyuam qhov chaw ntawm cov khoom siv hmoov, tab sis tsis yog cov khoom siv sab hauv. Tej zaum yuav muaj qee qhov ua kom tsis muaj menyuam. Thaum cov ntaub ntawv raw muaj cov kab mob pathogenic, nws tsis tuaj yeem ua kom tsis muaj menyuam hauv cov txheej txheem tsim khoom. Tsis tas li ntawd, tej zaum yuav muaj kev sib xyaw tsis sib xws ntawm cov khoom noj hauv cov kua mis hmoov uas tsim los ntawm cov txheej txheem qhuav. Cov txheej txheem no yuav tsum muaj kev huv huv siab rau cov khoom siv raw, cov cuab yeej tsim khoom, thiab qhov chaw tsim khoom.

(2) Cov txheej txheem ntub dej

Nws yog hais txog kev sib xyaw thiab ua tiav ntawm ntau yam khoom siv raw hauv lub xeev ua kua, thiab thaum kawg tau cov mis mos mis hmoov. Nws cov txheej txheem thev naus laus zis yog cov mis nyuj nyoos, cov mis nyuj ntshiab (kom cov mis nyuj nyoos mus txog qhov purity siab dua), tom qab ntawd sterilization, txias cia, cov khoom xyaw txheem, homogenization, sterilization, concentration, tshuaj tsuag kom qhuav, fluidized txaj ob qhuav, ntim.

Cov txheej txheem ntub dej feem ntau yog siv cov mis nyuj nyoos (mis nyuj nyoos) li tej mis rau kev tsim khoom. Rau cov lag luam uas tsis muaj lawv tus kheej pastures, mis nyuj hmoov yog siv los ua raw khoom rau yaj thiab tsim. Qhov zoo ntawm cov txheej txheem no yog tias cov txheej txheem ntub dej tuaj yeem tsim nyob rau hauv ib lub sijhawm, txhua yam ntawm cov as-ham tuaj yeem tawg tau zoo, thiab cov khoom lag luam zoo sib xws.

Vim tias tag nrho cov khoom siv raw yog tov tom qab kev sib tov, cov khoom siv hauv cov kua hauv lub xeev cua sov kom tsis muaj menyuam kom huv si, tsis yooj yim rau cov kab mob sib kis, yooj yim dua los xyuas kom meej cov khoom tu cev.

(3) Cov txheej txheem qhuav-ntub

Raws li cov txheej txheem ntub dej, ib feem me me ntawm cov khoom siv hluav taws xob yog sib xyaw nrog cov kua mis hmoov ua los ntawm cov txheej txheem ntub dej kom sib tov thiab cov kaus poom mis nyuj hmoov kom tau cov mis mos mis hmoov. Cov txheej txheem thev naus laus zis yog cov mis nyuj nyoos, mis nyuj, ua kom tsis muaj menyuam, tub yees, cov khoom xyaw txheem, homogenization, sterilization, concentration, tshuaj tsuag kom qhuav thiab fluidized txaj kom qhuav rau ob zaug. Semi-tiav khoom qhuav mixing ntim.

Feem ntau ntawm cov khoom siv raw thiab excipients ntawm cov txheej txheem qhuav-ntub yog sterilized nyob rau hauv lub xeev ua kua, uas yuav txo tau qhov kev pheej hmoo ntawm microbial paug. Ib feem me me ntawm cov khoom xyaw thermosensitive yog qhuav-siv tsis muaj thermal sterilization kho, thiab tseem tuaj yeem khaws cov haujlwm ntawm cov as-ham mus rau qhov loj tshaj plaws.

Cov zaub mov zoo sib xws, tsuas yog coj yam koj xav tau.

Cov niam txiv xaiv cov kua mis li cas rau lawv cov menyuam? Ib qho hloov mis hmoov? Tom qab saib cov txheej txheem ntawm cov mis mis hmoov, koj yuav pom tias cov mis mis hmoov yog tsim los ntawm ntau cov hmoov, nrog rau cov mis nyuj nyoos los ua cov mis nyuj, thiab cov mis mis hmoov uas yaj cov mis hmoov ua cov khoom xyaw.

Feem ntau hais lus, cov mis nyuj nyoos yog zoo dua li cov mis nyuj. Vim tias thaum cov mis hmoov siv los ua cov khoom xyaw, nws zoo ib yam li tau ua tiav los ntawm cov mis nyuj rau mis hmoov ua ntej. Tam sim no nws yog siv los ua cov khoom ntawm cov me nyuam mos mis hmoov thiab ua dua. Txhua qhov kev ua haujlwm muaj qee qhov kev kho cua sov, uas muaj qee yam cuam tshuam rau cov khoom noj khoom haus ntawm cov mis nyuj.

Kawm saib qhov kev txiav txim hauv daim ntawv teev cov khoom xyaw.

Qhov siab dua qhov reranking, qhov ntau dua cov mis nyuj ntxiv. Tau kawg, koj yuav pom tias ntau hom khoom xyaw muaj mis hmoov? Qhov tseeb, yog tias muaj skim mis hmoov nyob rau hauv cov npe khoom xyaw, thiab txoj hauj lwm tsis yog siab heev, ces lub hom phiaj ntawm kev ntxiv skim mis hmoov yuav tsis siv los ua mis nyuj, nws yuav siv tau raws li standardization ntawm mis. Yog li qhov zoo ntawm cov kua mis tsis tuaj yeem ua tau dav dav.

Muaj ntau ntau hom mis nyuj hmoov, thiab muaj txhua yam hom thiab series. Qhov txawv ntawm qhov kawg yog dab tsi? Qhov tseeb, raws li kev ua raws li cov qauv kev nyab xeeb hauv lub tebchaws, cov khoom sib txawv yuav luag zoo ib yam, tab sis cov as-ham ntxiv rau cov mis yog txawv.

Piv txwv li, 0-6 lub hlis ntawm cov me nyuam mos, koj tuaj yeem xaiv cov mis hmoov zaub mov cov khoom noj uas muaj ntau dua, ntxiv qee cov khoom noj xaiv (xws li DHA, ARA, lactoferrin, nucleotides, lutein, thiab lwm yam). Rau cov menyuam yaus hnub nyoog qis dua ib xyoos, cov khoom noj uas tau xaiv tsis tseem ceeb, vim tias lub sijhawm no, cov menyuam yaus tau pib noj cov khoom noj ntxiv thiab qee yam khoom noj uas tsis yog mis nyuj hmoov. Rau qee tus menyuam mos uas lub plab tsis zoo heev thiab yooj yim rau cem quav, koj tuaj yeem xaiv qee cov mis nrog kev noj haus fiber ntau, probiotics thiab lwm yam.

Thaum kawg, kuv xav hais tias txawm hais tias Ireland me nyuam mos mis mis hmoov tsis yog ib qho teeb meem rau lub sij hawm no, tseem muaj ntau txawv teb chaws tus me nyuam mos mis mis kab mob paug tshwm sim los ntawm lub xyoo tas los mus rau lub xyoo no, uas tseem ceeb rau peb hais tias peb yuav tsum tsis txhob over chase txawv teb chaws mis nyuj. hmoov. Kev txiav txim siab tshawb fawb thiab kev noj qab haus huv yog qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws. Tsis tas li, koj tuaj yeem xav txog qee cov kua mis qhuav hloov nrog cov calories kom zoo hauv cov mis hmoov.

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