Kev Siv Rational Siv Cov Khoom Noj Kom Zoo rau Cov Nyuj Nyuj

1. Kev Tsim Nyog Tsim Nyog ntawm Kev Noj Qab Nyob Zoo
Cov txiaj ntsig zoo ntawm kev mloog zoo yog siab dua, tab sis nws tsis yog qhov siab dua qhov feem ntawm kev mloog zoo hauv cov mis nyuj nyuj noj, zoo dua. Txawm hais tias qhov muaj txiaj ntsig zoo ntawm roughage siab dua, nws tus nqi yog sib xws dua. Yog tias qhov kev faib ua feem ntawm kev noj zaub mov ntau dhau, ntawm ib sab, nws yuav ua rau nce tus nqi noj, ntawm qhov tod tes, nws yuav ua rau cov khoom siv zom zaub mov tsis zoo hauv cov mis nyuj, txo cov khoom mis zoo, thiab txo cov mis nyuj rog. Yog li ntawd, kev faib ua feem ntawm kev mloog zoo hauv kev noj zaub mov yuav tsum muaj kev tswj hwm. Cov rumen ntawm cov mis nyuj zoo ib yam li lub tank fermentation. Thaum qhov kev faib ua feem ntawm kev mloog zoo nyob hauv cov zaub mov ntau dua 50%, fermentation hauv cov rumen ntawm cov mis nyuj yuav raug txwv, thiab mis nyuj rog tus nqi yuav raug txo. Nyob rau tib lub sijhawm, cov metabolism hauv cov protein, cov zaub mov, thiab lwm yam khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig yuav tsis raug cai, uas yuav ua rau kev poob qis ntawm kev yug me nyuam ntawm cov mis nyuj.

Thaum pub mis nyuj nyuj, kev muab cov as -ham yuav tsum txaus, tsim nyog thiab sib npaug. Txhawm rau siv qhov zoo tshaj plaws roughage, thiab tom qab ntawd siv cov mloog zoo los ntxiv thiab sib npaug lub zog, cov protein, cov zaub mov thiab lwm yam khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig hauv kev noj zaub mov, nws feem ntau xav tau tias kev siv cov mloog zoo ib kilogram ntawm mis nyuj hauv ib xyoos yuav tsum tsis pub tshaj 350 g.

Kev Siv Rational Siv Cov Khoom Noj Kom Zoo rau Cov Nyuj Nyuj
Kev Siv Rational Siv Cov Khoom Noj Kom Zoo rau Cov Nyuj Nyuj

2. Kho Concentrated Pub Qib Raws Li Kev Tso Dej Mis
Cov qib siab nyob hauv cov khoom noj mis nyuj nyuj tsis tau tsau, nws yuav tsum txiav txim siab raws li cov mis nyuj tawm ntawm cov mis nyuj. Nrog rau kev tsim cov mis ntau ntxiv, qib mloog zoo hauv kev noj zaub mov yuav tsum nce ntxiv. Cov txiaj ntsig tau pom tias qib zoo tshaj plaws yog 15% -18% rau cov nyuj mis nyuj nrog cov mis nyuj txhua xyoo ntawm 2500-3000kg, 21% -25% nrog rau txhua xyoo cov mis nyuj tawm ntawm 3500-4000kg, 30% -35% nrog rau txhua xyoo mis nyuj tawm ntawm 4500-5000kg thiab 37% -39% rau cov nyuj uas muaj mis nyuj txhua xyoo ntawm 5500-6000kg. Rau cov khoom siv mis nyuj nyuj siab, txawm tias qhov zoo ntawm roughage yog qhov zoo dua, nws tsis tuaj yeem ua tau raws li qhov xav tau siab rau lub zog rau kev tsim cov mis. Yog li, kev faib ua feem ntawm kev mloog zoo hauv kev noj zaub mov yuav tsum nce. Feem ntau, kev pub mis nyuj txhua hnub ntawm cov mis nyuj muaj tsawg dua 10 kg, uas tuaj yeem ua tiav nrog roughage, thiab kev mloog zoo mloog yuav tsum tau nce kom raug raws li kev tsim cov mis nyuj ntawm cov nyuj nyuj siab dua 10kg.

3. Kho Kho Kom Zoo Dua Raws Li Roughage
Qhov mloog zoo mloog hauv cov zaub mov yuav tsum tau txiav txim siab raws li qhov ntau thiab zoo ntawm roughage thiab muaj kua. Yog tias qhov zoo ntawm roughage thiab cov kua muaj kua tsis zoo lossis qhov ntau tsis txaus, kev siv cov mloog zoo yuav nce ntxiv. Piv txwv li, thaum quav nyab tau pub, cov kua mis txhua hnub nce mus txog 20 kg, thiab 250 g ntawm kev mloog zoo xav tau rau txhua 1 kg ntawm mis nyuj tsim. Thaum quav nyab tsis zoo, 500 g mloog zoo yuav tsum tau rau txhua kg ntawm cov mis kom ua tiav cov txiaj ntsig zoo ib yam. Dhau li, thaum pub nyuj nrog cov quav nyab zoo, quav nyab, thiab muaj kua, noj mloog zoo yuav tsawg dua, uas tuaj yeem txo qis kev mloog zoo hauv kev noj zaub mov thiab txo tus nqi tsim mis. Yog li, txhawm rau txo qhov feem ntawm kev mloog zoo hauv cov mis nyuj nyuj noj, qhov zoo thiab ntau ntawm roughage yuav tsum tau lav.

Ntxiv mus, nyuj mis nyuj hauv lub caij sib txawv ntawm lub xyoo noj ntau hom roughage thiab tau txais cov khoom noj sib txawv. Yog li ntawd, qhov muaj pes tsawg leeg ntawm kev mloog zoo yuav tsum tau hloov kho raws li hom roughage lawv noj kom tau raws li qhov xav tau kev noj haus ntawm cov mis npaj. Thaum lub caij ntuj sov, cov nyom muaj ntau. Thaum lub cov protein ntau cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov teeb meem qhuav yog ntau dua 14%, cov kua mis txhua hnub tuaj yeem lav tau 20 kg. Lub sijhawm no, kev siv cov mloog zoo tuaj yeem txo qis lossis siv cov ncuav mog qab zib pub nrog cov ntsiab lus muaj protein ntau tuaj yeem zam tau, thaum cov khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig hauv kev noj zaub mov tuaj yeem sib npaug los ntawm cov carbohydrates uas tsis muaj dej thiab cov zaub mov pub txhawb kev siv cov protein zoo hauv cov mis nyuj .

Cov mloog zoo tau muab los muab lub zog rau lub caij ntuj sov. Kev siv cov mloog zoo yuav tsum txiav txim siab raws li qhov muaj pes tsawg leeg ntawm cov khoom noj. Rau kev pub tsiaj nrog 12% -14% ntawm cov protein nyoos thiab 22% -25% ntawm cov roj nyoos, 100-150 g mloog zoo yuav tsum tau ntxiv rau txhua 1 kg mis nyuj tsim. Rau cov khoom noj nrog cov ntsiab lus tsis muaj protein ntau ntawm 10%-12%thiab cov ntsiab lus fiber ntau ntau dua 30%, 250-300 g mloog zoo xav tau rau txhua 1kg mis nyuj tsim. Thaum lub caij cov nyom tsis txaus, thaum pub cov quav nyab, silage thiab muaj kua rau cov nyuj mis nyuj, cov ntsiab lus ntawm ncuav mog qab zib yuav tsum tau nce ntxiv thiab sib npaug qhov tsis muaj cov protein hauv kev noj haus.

Kev Siv Rational Siv Cov Khoom Noj Kom Zoo rau Cov Nyuj Nyuj
Kev Siv Rational Siv Cov Khoom Noj Kom Zoo rau Cov Nyuj Nyuj

4. Txiav Txim Siab Pub Raws Li Lub Caij Nyoog Lub Caij Nyoog Nyuj Nyuj
Nyuj nyuj nyob rau theem sib txawv lactation muaj qhov xav tau sib txawv rau lub zog nyob hauv kev noj zaub mov, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog rau cov nyuj uas muaj mis nyuj ntau. Yog li ntawd, txhawm rau siv qhov muaj txiaj ntsig ntawm kev mloog zoo, nws yog qhov tsim nyog los txiav txim siab qhov tsim nyog ntawm roughage raws li qib sib txawv ntawm kev pub mis nyuj nyuj. Nyob rau theem pib lactation ntawm nyuj nyuj, yuav muaj qhov tshwm sim tsis zoo zog tshuav nyiaj li cas, uas yuav tsum tau muaj qhov siab dua ntawm cov as -ham. Yog li ntawd, nyob rau theem thaum ntxov lactation, mloog zoo mloog feem ntau yuav tsum tau suav txog 44% txog 45% ntawm tag nrho cov mloog zoo. Kev mloog zoo suav nrog 36% -37% ntawm tag nrho roughage nyob rau theem nruab nrab lactation thiab 18% -20% nyob rau theem lactation lig. Rau txhua 1kg cov mis uas tau tsim hauv theem lactation thaum ntxov, qhov xav tau ntawm kev mloog zoo yog 200-400 g, 160-360g nyob rau theem nrab lactation thiab 130-250g nyob rau theem lactation lig.

5. Teeb meem kom tau txais kev ceeb toom hauv Kev Siv Kev Nyuaj Siab
Thaum siv cov khoom noj muaj mis nyuj, cov mis nyuj yuav tsum tau txiav txim siab raws li tus qauv ntawm kev noj zaub mov, lub sijhawm pub mis sib txawv thiab theem pub mis sib txawv, kom tau raws li qhov xav tau kev noj haus ntawm cov mis nyuj, txo tus nqi pub mis thiab tau txais txiaj ntsig kev lag luam zoo tshaj plaws. Hauv kev npaj noj mis nyuj nyuj, kev siv cov mloog zoo yuav tsum xyuam xim rau qee qhov teeb meem.

Ua ntej tshaj, cov ntsiab lus protein hauv cov zaub mov yuav tsum tsim nyog, uas yuav tsum tau khaws cia ntawm 16%-19%. Yog tias cov ntsiab lus protein ntau hauv cov zaub mov muaj ntau dhau, nws yuav ua rau muaj teeb meem ntawm kev tsim me nyuam nyuj nyuj. Dhau li, tus nqi ntawm cov protein tawg hauv cov zaub mov yuav tsum suav txog 60-6-65% ntawm tag nrho cov protein nyoos. Rau cov menyuam nyuj uas muaj cov khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig zoo, txhawm rau nce kev siv cov protein, yuav tsum tau siv cov khoom noj uas muaj suab thaj zoo tshaj plaws, lossis yuav tsum tau ntxiv cov amino acids rau hauv rumen mus rau zaub mov noj.

Thaum cov nyuj mis nyuj feem ntau pub pob kws silage thiab pobkws, tiv thaiv rumen-hla txwv cov amino acids, xws li rumen-hla lysine thiab rumen-hla methionine, yuav tsum tau ntxiv. Thaum siv cov mloog zoo, peb yuav tsum xyuam xim rau cov yam ntxwv ntawm kev noj zaub mov ntawm ntau yam kev mloog zoo, xws li qhov qis qis qis ntawm cov zaub mov noj hauv cov rumen, qhov yooj yim ua kom puas tsuaj ntawm cov pluas noj taum pauv thiab cov paj noob hlis cov protein, thiab tsis muaj cov amino acids tseem ceeb hauv cov protein . Dhau li, peb yuav tsum tau mloog zoo rau qhov tsim nyog thiab kev noj zaub mov zoo.