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Nyuj Nyuj

Qhov Zoo thiab Daim Ntawv Thov Ntawm Qhov Sib Txawv Sib Txawv rau Cov Nyuj Nyuj

Muab lo rau  Kaum ib hlis 28, 2019, Kho los ntawm Victoria, Qeb  

1. Qhov Zoo ntawm Kev Sib Raug Zoo Tag Nrho rau Cov Nyuj Nyuj
Kev noj cov teeb meem qhuav tuaj yeem nce ntxiv los ntawm kev siv a tag nrho cov khoom sib xyaw rau nyuj nyuj. Kev siv cov khoom sib xyaw sib xyaw tuaj yeem ua kom ntseeg tau tias cov khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig hauv kev noj zaub mov yog qhov tsim nyog thiab kev faib ua feem ntawm kev mloog zoo rau roughage yog qhov tsim nyog, uas tuaj yeem ua rau nyuj tau txais txhua yam khoom noj los ntawm kev noj zaub mov tsis muaj zog, txo kev siv cov mloog zoo, txhim kho kev siv tus nqi pub, thiab txo tus nqi pub. Dhau li, tag nrho cov kev sib xyaw ua ke tuaj yeem ua kom zoo tshaj qhov pub mis, txhim kho qhov palatability ntawm cov khoom noj pub mis, kho cov as -ham hauv kev noj zaub mov thiab sib piv ntawm kev mloog zoo rau roughage ib tus zuj zus, thiab tiv thaiv cov nyuj mis nyuj kom tsis txhob noj zaub mov.

Txhua yam khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig hauv qhov sib xyaw ua ke faib ntawm nyab nyuj sib nraus yog sib npaug, thiab qhov sib piv ntawm roughage kom mloog zoo yog qhov tsim nyog. Nws muab cov protein, lub zog, cellulose thiab lwm cov as -ham rau cov kab mob rumen ntawm cov nyuj nyuj, ua kom nrawm dua kev tsim dua tshiab ntawm cov kab mob hu ua rumen, txhim kho kev ua haujlwm tau zoo ntawm cov kab mob protein ntau, thiab tiv thaiv nyuj los ntawm kev txo qis rumen tus nqi vim kev noj ntau dhau ntawm kev mloog zoo hauv sijhawm luv, uas yuav ua rau rumen acidosis. Ib qho ntxiv, kev siv tag nrho cov kev sib xyaw ua ke kuj tseem tuaj yeem tswj hwm kev nyab xeeb ntawm ib puag ncig rumen, tiv thaiv kev zom zaub mov thiab ua haujlwm tsis zoo ntawm cov nyuj mis nyuj, yog li cov rumen fermentation, zom zaub mov, nqus tau, thiab ua haujlwm metabolic tuaj yeem ua tau ib txwm, yog qhov muaj txiaj ntsig txhawm rau txhim kho kev siv pub mis thiab cov rog rog rog, tab sis kuj tuaj yeem txo qhov tshwm sim ntawm qee yam kab mob, xws li rumen acidosis.

Tag nrho cov khoom sib xyaw rau cov nyuj mis nyuj yog tsim rau kev tsim khoom loj thiab muaj txiaj ntsig zoo rau kev txhim kho thiab siv cov peev txheej pub mis hauv zos. Tag nrho cov khoom sib xyaw rau cov nyuj mis nyuj yog qhov tsim nyog rau qhov loj chaw ua liaj ua teb. Siv cov thev naus laus zis no tuaj yeem txhim kho kev noj zaub mov kom zoo, txo qis kev siv dag zog, txuag sijhawm thiab ua haujlwm hauv kev tswj kev pub mis, thiab tseem txo qhov pov tseg ntawm cov khoom noj hauv cov txheej txheem pub mis ib txwm muaj. Thaum siv thev naus laus zis ntawm kev noj zaub mov sib xyaw ua tiav, cov mis tuaj yeem tsim raws li cov peev txheej pub hauv zos, uas tuaj yeem siv tag nrho cov peev txheej pub hauv zos. Dhau li, cov thev naus laus zis no sib xyaw ntau hom kev pub mis, qee qhov muaj qhov tsis zoo thiab tsw ntxhiab, zoo li quav nyab pub thiab distiller cov nplej tom qab sib tov los ntawm cov khoom sib xyaw ua ke, uas yuav ua rau lub qhov ncauj nce ntxiv. Yog li qhov ntau ntawm kev xaiv pub mis yog dav dua, uas yog qhov tsim nyog rau kev txhim kho cov peev txheej pub mis.

Cov mis ntawm tag nrho cov kev sib xyaw ua ke tuaj yeem hloov kho tau yooj yim, thiab cov mis tuaj yeem hloov kho raws sijhawm raws li kev pub hauv zos. Nws muaj txiaj ntsig zoo los txo tus nqi pub mis thiab txhim kho kev ua haujlwm zoo. Nws kuj tseem tuaj yeem ua raws qhov xwm txheej tiag tiag ntawm cov nyuj mis nyuj txhawm rau kho qhov tshwj xeeb xav tau ntawm kev noj zaub mov zoo thiab kev tsim khoom.

Nyuj Nyuj
Nyuj Nyuj

2. Xaiv tag nrho cov khoom siv sib xyaw ua ke.
Txhawm rau kom ua haujlwm tau yooj yim hauv kev sib xyaw ua ke ntawm cov khoom siv mis nyuj, thaum tsim cov nyuj, qhov ntev yuav tsum tsis pub tsawg dua 10 m, qhov ntev yuav tsum yog 60-120 m thiab qhov dav ntawm kev pub pub nkag yuav tsum yog 4-4.5 M. ntawm qhov pub mis yuav tsum raug txiav txim siab raws li hom ntawm txhua qhov sib xyaw cov khoom noj siv tshuab. Rau cov tshuab siv zog, nws haum rau hauv-qhov chaw pub mis thiab kab rov tav pub mis tuaj yeem hloov kho tau yooj yim. Tag nrho cov kev faib ua feem sib xyaw ua ke los ntawm lub tsheb sib tov thiab xa ncaj qha mus rau nyuj pub trough. Nws xav tau cov cuab yeej ua tiav kom muab tso rau hauv ib zaug. Thaum siv lub tsheb sib tov, lub nra yuav tsum tsim nyog, feem ntau yog li 65% ntawm tag nrho cov ntim. Nws tau qhia tias lub tsheb sib xyaw ntawm 7 m³ siv rau hauv 600 lub teb chaw ua liaj ua teb thiab 12 m³ rau 1000 tus tsiaj ua liaj ua teb. Kom ntseeg tau tias kev noj zaub mov zoo ntawm kev noj haus, nws yog qhov tsim nyog los sib tov tag nrho raw cov ntaub ntawv zoo thiab kom muaj cov cuab yeej tshwj xeeb los txiav lossis tsoo lawv. Cov cuab yeej siv yuav tsum muaj kev sib xyaw ua haujlwm zoo thiab ntsuas ntsuas kom ntseeg tau tias kev noj zaub mov zoo ntawm kev noj zaub mov.

3. Nyuj yuav tsum tau tsa ua pawg.
cov tag nrho cov sib xyaw ua ke raws li theem kev loj hlob sib txawv, xwm txheej ntawm lub cev thiab kev tsim khoom ntawm nyuj nyuj. Nws tuaj yeem ua tau raws li qhov xav tau kev noj zaub mov zoo ntawm cov mis nyuj hauv txhua theem. Yog li ntawd, yuav tsum tau pub mis nyuj rau hauv pab pawg. Cov qauv noj zaub mov rau txhua pab pawg sib txawv. Hauv txoj kev xav, me me yog pab tsiaj, qhov ua tau zoo dua ntawm cov nyuj mis nyuj tuaj yeem coj mus rau hauv kev ua si tag nrho. Tab sis hauv kev coj ua, txhawm rau pab txhawb kev tswj hwm, nws tsis tuaj yeem ua tau zoo dhau. Rau cov ua liaj ua teb loj, lawv tuaj yeem faib ua prophase, metaphase, thiab anaphase raws li lub sijhawm pub niam mis. Rau cov nyuj uas muaj mis nyuj ntau dua lossis ua kom cov kua mis ntau nyob hauv nruab nrab lub sijhawm pub niam mis, lawv yuav tsum tau muab cais ua lub sijhawm pub niam mis thaum ntxov. Kev ua liaj ua teb me me tuaj yeem muab faib ua cov nyuj muaj txiaj ntsig zoo thiab cov nyuj qis-yields raws li mis nyuj ntau lawm. Rau kev hloov nyuj thiab nyuj nyuj qhuav, cov nyuj loj ua liaj ua teb tuaj yeem faib ua nyuj, nyuj nyuj, nyuj nyuj hluas, ua mis nyuj qhuav thiab qhuav mis tom qab qhuav. Kev ua liaj ua teb me me tuaj yeem faib ua nyuj hloov pauv thiab nyuj nyuj qhuav.

Nyuj Nyuj
Nyuj Nyuj

4. Kev tsim cov khoom noj sib xyaw rau cov mis nyuj.
Ua ntej tsim, peb yuav tsum tshawb fawb tsim thiab tsim cov khoom noj sib xyaw, thiab tsim lawv raws li cov peev txheej pub zaub mov hauv ib cheeb tsam thiab qhov xwm txheej tiag ntawm nyuj nyuj. Kev noj zaub mov zoo ntawm cov nyuj mis nyuj ntawm qib sib txawv ntawm lub cev thiab qib ntau lawm sib txawv. Txhawm rau kom yooj yim thiab ua tau, tsib hom kev ua kom tiav cov zaub mov sib txawv nrog qib kev noj zaub mov noj feem ntau yuav tsum tau ua, uas tau muab faib ua cov nyuj uas muaj cov qoob loo siab, cov nyuj nruab nrab yields, cov nyuj qis, hloov cov nyuj, thiab nyuj nyuj qhuav.

Ua ntej tsim, peb yuav tsum tshawb fawb tsim thiab tsim cov khoom noj sib xyaw, thiab tsim lawv raws li cov peev txheej pub zaub mov hauv ib cheeb tsam thiab qhov xwm txheej tiag ntawm nyuj nyuj. Kev noj zaub mov zoo ntawm cov nyuj mis nyuj ntawm qib sib txawv ntawm lub cev thiab qib tsim khoom sib txawv. Yuav kom yooj yim thiab ua tau, tsib hom kev ua tiav cov zaub mov sib txawv nrog sib txawv qib kev noj haus feem ntau yuav tsum tau ua, uas tau muab faib ua cov nyuj uas tau txais txiaj ntsig zoo, cov nyuj uas muaj qoob loo nruab nrab, cov nyuj uas muaj cov qoob loo qis, hloov pauv nyuj, thiab nyuj nyuj qhuav.

Rau qee tus nyuj tshwj xeeb, kev noj zaub mov tshwj xeeb yuav tsum tau npaj raws li lawv qhov xwm txheej tiag. Xav txog qhov loj ntawm cov nyuj thiab qhov ua tau ntawm kev tsim khoom noj khoom haus, cov nyuj qis thiab nruab nrab-yields tuaj yeem ua pawg. Rau cov nyuj primipara, kev hloov pauv tsim nyog yuav tsum tau ua raws li qhov xwm txheej pub mis. Piv txwv li, kev pub mis nyuj tom qab yug me nyuam txo qis thiab cov mis nyuj tawm los nce ntxiv, qhov tsis zoo kev noj zaub mov zoo nyhav tshwm sim. Kev noj zaub mov zoo ntawm kev noj zaub mov yuav tsum nce. Kev xaiv cov khoom noj xav tau tias hom khoom noj khoom haus yuav tsum muaj ntau yam sib txawv raws li qhov ua tau, uas muaj txiaj ntsig zoo rau kev ua kom tiav ntawm kev noj haus. Cov dej cov ntsiab lus ntawm kev sib xyaw ua ke sib xyaw yuav tsum khaws cia ntawm 35% thiab 55%, uas muaj txiaj ntsig zoo kom nce kev noj cov mis nyuj. Thaum pub zaub mov sib xyaw kom tiav, peb yuav tsum saib xyuas qhov xwm txheej pub mis, xav tsis thoob, qab los noj mov, thiab tshuav cov nyuj. Yog tias peb pom teeb meem, peb yuav tsum siv cov kev ntsuas tsim nyog los daws lawv hauv lub sijhawm.

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