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Daim card ntawm yogurt

Daim card ntawm yogurt

Muab lo rau  Lub yim hli ntuj 9, 2019, Kho los ntawm Eleanor, Qeb  

Ua ntej, kuv xav qhia rau koj: cov teebmeem ntawm stimulating kev tiv thaiv, kev zoo nkauj, thiab kev zoo nkauj yog tag nrho cov kev txhawb nqa ntawm yogurt manufacturers. Txog tam sim no tsis muaj pov thawj los qhia tias yogurt muaj cov teebmeem ntawm poob phaus, kev zoo nkauj, thiab lwm yam ...

Cov nyhuv ntawm yogurt stems los ntawm ib zaj dab neeg hauv lub voj voog kev kawm. Lub protagonist ntawm zaj dab neeg txaus ntshai no yog Lavxias teb sab biologist Metchnikoff.

Daim card ntawm yogurt
Daim card ntawm yogurt

Nws yeej qhov Nobel nqi zog hauv Tshuaj thiab Physiology hauv 1908 thiab tau txais kev hwm raws li "leej txiv ntawm tib neeg kev tiv thaiv kab mob". Feem ntau ntawm kev paub txog cov phau ntawv biology hauv tsev kawm theem siab tau pom los ntawm nws.

Nyob rau hauv nws xyoo tom qab, nws tau los ua ib tug zab, boasting cov nyhuv ntawm yogurt rau cov vajtswv. Niaj hnub no, txhua leej txhua tus tseem raug ntxias los ntawm nws hauv lub neej niaj hnub.

Daim card ntawm yogurt
Daim card ntawm yogurt

Metchnikoff

Thaum lub Cuaj Hlis 1899, Melnikov tau lees tias cov neeg Bulgarians yog cov neeg nyob ntev tshaj plaws hauv ntiaj teb hauv Fab Kis cov ntawv xov xwm le matin, Hauv ib lub zos qub nyob hauv lub tebchaws, nws nrhiav tau ib qho dej haus tsis zoo hu ua "yogurt". Nws kuj tau thov tias ib ntawm txhua 20 tus neeg hauv lub zos muaj tus nqi nyob ntev uas siab dua nyob rau lwm cheeb tsam.

Daim card ntawm yogurt
Daim card ntawm yogurt

Thaum kawg, nws hais tias yog vim li cas vim li cas Bulgarians nyob ntev yog tej zaum lawv nyiam haus "yogurt". Kab lus no ua rau muaj kev xav paub ntawm cov neeg Fabkis. Cov neeg pib xa ntawv mus rau cov ntawv xov xwm nug yuav ua li cas ua yogurt thiab qhov twg yuav nws.

Ob lub hlis tom qab, Metchnikoff tau luam tawm ib daim ntawv thov tias muaj cov khoom siv yees siv tau pom hauv cov yogurt uas Bulgarians nyiam. Nws hu nws "Bulgarian lactic acid kab mob", tsuav yog nws noj cov "cov kab mob lactic acid"Txhua hnub." Txhua tus tuaj yeem ua neej nyob mus txog 150 xyoo.

Metchnikoff paub tias cov kab mob lactic acid tsuas yog cov kab mob uas muaj kab mob ntau heev. Txawm koj noj li cas los koj yuav tsis nyob ntev, tab sis nws tseem dag vim nws tsis yog rau kev noj qab haus huv ntawm cov neeg, tab sis yog rau kev khwv nyiaj.

Tau ntsib cov lus hais ntawm tus kws tshawb fawb txog qhov no, cov neeg tsis ntseeg Fabkis tau npau taws dua, thiab tsab ntawv nug "cov kab mob lactic acid" tau ntim nrog cov ntawv xov xwm lub thawv ntawv. Cov neeg laus tuaj xyuas, thiab txhua tus hais tias "Kuv tsis xav tuag", lawv txawm txhos caug ntawm nws xub ntiag, thov Vajtswv kom nws muab cov kab mob lactic acid me ntsis.

Melnikov tus kheej qhia ntawm kev lag luam tsis zoo tau zoo heev, thiab nws txaus siab heev. Cov kauj ruam kawg ntawm tag nrho cov phiaj xwm yog kom tau nyiaj. Ua ntej no, nws tau koom tes nrog cov tuam txhab khoom noj kom qhib plaub "lactic acid bacteria factories" hauv Paris, los ntawm nws txoj kev taw qhia los tsim cov tshuaj lactic acid cov kab mob.

Daim card ntawm yogurt
Daim card ntawm yogurt

Metnikov qhia txog kev tsim cov tshuaj lactic acid kab mob

Raws li kev cia siab muaj zog ntawm cov neeg Fabkis txoj, cov ntsiav tshuaj lactic acid cov kab mob tau raug nyiag tam sim ntawd thaum lawv tau teev tseg, thiab cov khoom siv tsis txaus. Melnikov tau kos los ntawm nws thiab khwv tau nyiaj ntau.

Xyoo 1904, nws tsis nres kiag li vim nws muaj nyiaj ntau heev. Es tsis txhob, nws tau tshaj tawm qhov loj dua ntawm kev dag ntxias nyiaj txiag. Nws pib ua cov lus qhuab qhia hauv Tebchaws Europe, thiab cov lus qhuab qhia tau zoo siab, nug nws txog cov kab mob lactic acid. Lub suab yog ib qho tom qab lwm qhov hauv qhov chaw.

Nyob rau hauv Paris, Lub Rau Hli 8, 1904, nyob rau hauv lub tsev hais plaub ntawm Fabkis Agricultural Society, Machnikov tau luam tawm ib tug hais lus hu ua "Lub hnub nyoog laus". Hauv cov lus no, nws hais tias yogurt muaj txiaj ntsig zoo dua li cov ntsiav tshuaj lactic acid nyob rau lub sijhawm ntev, uas tuaj yeem ua rau tib neeg muaj hnub nyoog 200 xyoo thiab lawv cov plaub hau yuav tsis tig dawb. Thaum kawg ntawm kev hais lus, nws txhob txwm tshaj tawm txoj hauv kev ua yogurt kom nyiam kev nqis peev.

Daim card ntawm yogurt
Daim card ntawm yogurt

Piv txwv ntawm qhov nrov ntawm yogurt thaum lub sij hawm frenzy

Ib hlis tom qab cov lus tsis txaus ntseeg tau xaus, ntau lub chaw tsim khoom hauv lub tebchaws tshwj xeeb hauv kev tsim cov yogurt, lub ntiaj teb yogurt kev lag luam tau yug los hauv kev dag ntxias loj.

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Tsis muaj hnub nyoog li cas, tib neeg pib haus ntau yogurt rau lub neej ntev. Lub ntsiab muag ntawm "Kev haus dej haus tau ntev" yog qhov txaus nyiam heev. Tsuas yog tsib xyoos, cov khoom tsim tawm ntawm lub ntiaj teb yogurt tau nce los ntawm xoom mus rau ib xyoos twg ntawm 11.8 lab nkas loos.

Nyob rau hauv 1908, nws yog boom ntawm yogurt thiab lactic acid kab mob scams. Nyob rau xyoo ntawd, Royal Swedish Society tau muab khoom plig Nobel hauv Physiology thiab Tshuaj rau Mitchinikov. Zoo li Nobel nqi zog kuj ua rau tsis ncaj ncees lawm tshaj plaws.

Daim card ntawm yogurt
Daim card ntawm yogurt

Xyoo 1908, Royal Swedish Society tau muab khoom plig Nobel hauv Physiology thiab Tshuaj rau Metchnikoff.

Nws tau dhau los ua kev tso cai ntau dua hauv ntiaj teb, thiab txhawm rau nce kev muag khoom ntawm yogurt, nws piav qhia txog kev ua tau zoo ntawm yogurt ntau ridiculously. Nws hais rau Fabkis cov ntawv xov xwm, Le Figaro, tias qhov kev tshawb fawb tshiab ntawm no qhia tau hais tias haus yogurt tuaj yeem ua rau tib neeg nyob tau yooj yim mus txog 2000 xyoo, thiab tseem nyob mus ib txhis.

Qhov kev tshawb pom tam sim no ua rau muaj lwm nthwv dej hauv Tebchaws Europe, thiab tag nrho lub tebchaws tau mob siab rau lub sijhawm ntev yogurt muag frenzy.

Tom qab yogurt craze swept Teb chaws Europe rau yim xyoo, qhov ironic tshaj plaws tshwm sim. Nyob rau hauv 1916, Meccnikov tuag, thiab nws tsuas muaj hnub nyoog 71 xyoo. Qhov no txawv deb ntawm nws qhov kev piav qhia ntawm 150, 200, thiab txawm tias 2000. Ntau tus neeg pib tsis ntseeg txog qhov tseeb ntawm nws cov lus.

Xyoo 1917, cov kws tshawb fawb tau rov tshawb xyuas thiab pom tias Bulgarians tsis nyob ntev, thiab Bulgaria tsis muaj lub zos nyob ntev. Qhov laj thawj vim li cas cov ntaub ntawv siab yog tias ntau tus neeg hauv lub tebchaws no muaj cov npe sib npaug. Tus neeg ua lag luam scheming, Metchnikoff, superimposed lub neej ntawm cov neeg rov qab tis npe thiab tsim cov ntaub ntawv tsis tseeb nrog lub neej ntev ntawm txoj kev no.

Tsis tas li ntawd, nws yog qhov tsis tseem ceeb ntawm kev noj cov kab mob lactic acid thiab haus yogurt tuaj yeem ua rau lub neej ntev. Qhov piv txwv ncaj tshaj plaws yog tias lub neej expectancy ntawm cov neeg uas tau noj cov kab mob lactic acid ntsiav tshuaj txij li xyoo 1904 tsis tau txhim kho.

Tom qab xyoo 1917, cov neeg European maj mam txo qis mus rau haus yogurt, tab sis yogurt kab lis kev cai tseem circulating. Cov neeg European nyob rau lub sijhawm ntawd feem ntau muaj qhov zoo li no: txawm hais tias yogurt tsis tuaj yeem nyob ntev, tsawg kawg tseem muaj txiaj ntsig me ntsis.

Daim card ntawm yogurt
Daim card ntawm yogurt

Thawj yogurt Hoobkas hauv Tebchaws Meskas

Txawm li cas los xij, qhov tseeb yeej ib txwm lim hiam. Xyoo 1942, thawj lub Hoobkas yogurt tau tshwm sim hauv Tebchaws Meskas. Nyob nruab nrab ntawm xyoo 1942 thiab 1960, Asmeskas cov tuam txhab mis nyuj tau txais kev muag khoom sib txawv los ntawm Tebchaws Europe. Yogurt, raws li cov khoom siv kho mob nrog kev poob phaus thiab ua kom dawb, tau nrov hauv Tebchaws Meskas thiab nyiam cov neeg saib xyuas ntawm US Food and Drug Administration.

Xyoo 1960, FDA tau ua qhov kev tshawb fawb nruj me ntsis ntawm yogurt thiab thaum kawg pom tias yogurt thiab cov kab mob lactic acid tsis muaj qhov cuam tshuam ntawm kev poob phaus, ntxuav hniav dawb, tiv thaiv kab mob, tiv thaiv kev laus, thiab lwm yam, cov khoom noj muaj txiaj ntsig tsawg, rog thiab qab zib. muaj nyob rau hauv high-fat yogurt Hloov chaw, nws yuav ua rau kom rog.

Yog li ntawd, FDA tau txiav txim tias txij li xyoo 1962 mus, tsis muaj kev tshaj tawm rau kev txhawb nqa kev noj qab haus huv pab ntawm yogurt yuav tsum tau tso cai nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States.

Thaum pib ntawm lub xyoo pua 21st, cov chaw tsim khoom noj khoom haus tau pib ntxiv ib hom kab mob hu ua "probiotic" rau yogurt. "Probiotics" yog ib lub tswv yim dav. Bifidobacteria cov thiab Lactobacillus acidophilus yog probiotics. Txawm li cas los xij, nws tau hais tias cov txiaj ntsig ntawm cov probiotics no tsis tau muaj pov thawj tias ua tau zoo. Cov kws tshawb fawb tseem nyob rau theem kev tshawb fawb txawm tias kev tshawb fawb Kev vam meej ntawm cov kev tshawb fawb no tseem yog ib txoj hauv kev ntev los ntawm kev muab tso rau hauv kev tsim khoom.

Thaum lub Cuaj Hlis 2009, lub koom haum tshawb fawb ntawm University of California tau soj ntsuam kev tshawb fawb txog kev ua tau zoo ntawm yogurt thiab pom zoo tias cov neeg: "Tsis txhob noj yogurt rau kev noj qab haus huv." Ib hlis tom qab, cov European Zaub Mov Kev Nyab Xeeb Tub ceev xwm xaus lus tias ntau pua lub npe hu ua "probiotics" ntawm kev ua lag luam "Tsis muaj leej twg tuaj yeem txhim kho lub plab noj qab haus huv lossis kev tiv thaiv kab mob, thiab tom qab ntawd hais kom txhua lub tuam txhab siv mis nyuj hauv Tebchaws Europe kom tsis txhob lees tias nws muaj qhov cuam tshuam no."

Nyob rau hauv tib lub xyoo, cov nyhuv ntawm yogurt nyob rau hauv Fabkis Danone ntawm probiotics dag ntxias cov neeg siv khoom thiab tau txais $ 35 lab nyob rau hauv them nyiaj thiab kho cov lus hais.

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Yog li cia peb sau cov ntsiab lus kev paub:

1. Tsis muaj pov thawj txaus los qhia tias kev zoo nkauj tuaj yeem txhim kho, poob phaus thiab lub neej ntev tuaj yeem txhim kho los ntawm cov kua mis nyeem qaub, cov kab mob lactic acid, thiab probiotics ntawm lub khw.

2. Tebchaws Meskas txwv txhua qhov kev tshaj tawm txog cov txiaj ntsig kev noj qab haus huv ntawm yogurt thaum ntxov li 50 xyoo dhau los.

3. Txij li xyoo 2009, Tebchaws Europe kuj tau txwv tsis pub tshaj tawm.

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